Landforms

A:

An example of a raised flat area is a plateau. A plateau is a large flat region of land higher than the other areas of land surrounding it.

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  • What state is Mount McKinley in?

    Q: What state is Mount McKinley in?

    A: Mount McKinley is the tallest mountain in North America, and it is located in Alaska. It is found in the Denali National Park and Reserve, which is approximately 6 million acres of wild land.
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  • Where does the River Thames start and end?

    Q: Where does the River Thames start and end?

    A: The River Thames originates in a meadow in the Cotswold Hills in Gloucestershire and travels 215 miles through England before emptying into the North Sea near Essex.
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  • How do geysers form?

    Q: How do geysers form?

    A: A geyser is essentially an underground hot spring that, owing to pressure exerted against its constricted plumbing toward the surface of the ground, issues a stream of steam and boiling water from time to time. The term "geyser" is derived from the Icelandic word "geysir," which means to rush forth. A geyser stops erupting once its reservoir is empty, or the water below the surface cools.
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  • What are the physical features of the arctic lowlands?

    Q: What are the physical features of the arctic lowlands?

    A: The arctic lowlands consist of several barren low-lying islands with coastlines dominated by sheer, towering cliffs and frigid surrounding waters of the Atlantic that contain pieces of massive ice sheets. Together, the lowlands comprise the southwestern Arctic Archipelago. They vary in size and shape: some are small and unpopulated, while others, including Victoria Island, are much larger.
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  • How do mountains affect climate?

    Q: How do mountains affect climate?

    A: Mountains affect climate by blocking wind and receiving more rainfall than low-lying areas. As air is forced over higher ground, it cools, causing moisture to condense and fall as rain. The higher a location is above sea level, the colder it is. This occurs because as altitude increases, the surround airing becomes thinner and less effective at absorbing and retaining heat.
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  • What is the Tonga Trench?

    Q: What is the Tonga Trench?

    A: The Tonga Trench is a submarine trench located in the floor of the South Pacific Ocean. It forms the eastern boundary of the Tonga Ridge. It's 35,702 feet deep at its deepest point and has an average depth of 20,000 feet. It's about 50 miles wide and 850 miles in length. The Tonga Trench and Tonga Ridge form the northern half of the Tonga-Kermadec Arc.
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  • What are the main landforms in the desert?

    Q: What are the main landforms in the desert?

    A: The most common landscape features found in deserts are sand dunes, yardangs, desert pavements, debris, playas, oases, mesas, alluvial fans, arroyos and buttes. These landforms vary from desert to desert.
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  • What do Mount Etna in Sicily and Mount St. Helens in the U.S. have in common?

    Q: What do Mount Etna in Sicily and Mount St. Helens in the U.S. have in common?

    A: Both Mount Etna and Mount St. Helens are active stratovolcanoes, also known as composite volcanoes. In addition, both have experienced major activity in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
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  • What is the bottom of the ocean called?

    Q: What is the bottom of the ocean called?

    A: The bottom of the ocean is known as the hadalpelagic zone and extends from 19,686 feet to the bottom of the ocean floor. This area is found in canyons and deep-water trenches, and the deepest part is found in the Marianas trench.
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  • What is a delta in geography?

    Q: What is a delta in geography?

    A: A delta is an area of land in which a river divides into smaller rivers and empties into a larger body of water. It is also possible to have a delta that empties into land, but it is uncommon.
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  • What is the difference between a canyon and a gorge?

    Q: What is the difference between a canyon and a gorge?

    A: A gorge is a much smaller, narrower version of a canyon. A gorge is similar to a ravine, while a canyon is similar to a valley. Gorges are located between mountains or hills and often have small streams at their bottoms.
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  • Where are fjords found?

    Q: Where are fjords found?

    A: According to Geology professor Atle Nesje of Bergen University, fjords occur where there was glacial activity below where the sea level is as of modern times. Fjords.com notes that Norway and Canada are home to fjords and fjord lakes.
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  • When was the last time Mount Vesuvius erupted?

    Q: When was the last time Mount Vesuvius erupted?

    A: Mount Vesuvius' last eruption was in March of 1944. The eruption destroyed the villages of San Sebastiano al Vesuvio, Massa di Somma, Ottaviano, and part of San Giorgio a Cremano.
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  • What are some facts about coastal plains?

    Q: What are some facts about coastal plains?

    A: Coastal plains are flat, low-lying pieces of land that feature a body of water on one side and some type of landform on the other. According to National Geographic, a coastal plain can form either as a continental shelf or when water currents carry sedimentary materials that build up over time.
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  • What do the Pampas, prairies, steppes and the Highveld have in common?

    Q: What do the Pampas, prairies, steppes and the Highveld have in common?

    A: The Highveld, the Pampas, steppes and prairies are all grasslands, which are biomes dominated by grasses, flowers and herbs. Savannas and the Llanos region of northern South America are also grasslands.
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  • What makes a continent?

    Q: What makes a continent?

    A: A continent is a large land mass on Earth that is distinguished by a separation from other land by water or by a distinct cultural difference. Earth has a total of seven continents: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia and Antarctica.
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  • What is a billabong?

    Q: What is a billabong?

    A: A billabong is essentially a large pond or creek that at one time extended from a river. A billabong is the cut off extension of a river that changed its course over time. During a wet season, the billabong often connects back with the river, receiving fresh water, at least until the area dries back up.
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  • Where do caves form?

    Q: Where do caves form?

    A: Most caves form in karst, which is a type of landscape composed of dolomite, gypsum and limestone rocks that gradually dissolves in the presence of slightly acidic water, according to National Geographic. Some caves are found in cliffs at the edge of a coastline. Others form in areas where the outer surface of a lava tube cools and hardens, and the molten rock’s inner content drains away.
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  • Why are deserts so dry?

    Q: Why are deserts so dry?

    A: Deserts are dry because the air above them is lacking moisture. This is caused by rain shadows, moisture sources being too far away, cold ocean currents nearby or the Earth's circulation patterns.
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  • What is a group of mountains called?

    Q: What is a group of mountains called?

    A: A group of mountains is known as a mountain range. A group of ranges that share a common origin and form are a mountain system. A group of systems are a mountain chain. A group of ranges, systems and chains are known as a mountain belt or a cordillera.
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  • What are the three types of plateaus?

    Q: What are the three types of plateaus?

    A: The three types of plateaus are dissected, volcanic and oceanic plateaus. A plateau is described as a raised landform that extends above the surrounding area on at least one of the plateau's sides. Plateaus are found on every continent and make up 30 percent of the land on Earth.
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