Glands & Hormones

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Estrogen is produced in the egg follicle and interstitial cells of the ovaries, according to the Encyclopædia Britannica. The placenta is another major source of estrogen, with adrenal glands and male testes secreting small amounts of estrogen as well.

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  • What is the function of the mammillary bodies?

    Q: What is the function of the mammillary bodies?

    A: Although studies into the structures is causing some scientists to question human understanding of them, mammillary bodies primarily act as relays for impulses that travel through the brain. Additionally, the bodies appear to be very important in forming and recalling memories. Destruction or injury to these portions of the brain is often associated with amnesia.
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  • What makes people cry?

    Q: What makes people cry?

    A: Crying is a release of built up emotions and is a way for the emotions to come out of the body in physical form. People generally cry when they are happy, sad, in awe of something or otherwise overwhelmed by a large amount of any emotion.
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  • How do you speed up your thyroid?

    Q: How do you speed up your thyroid?

    A: According to The Dr. Oz Show, speeding up the metabolism can be done by eating foods rich in iodine and avoiding foods known as goitrogens, which slow down the metabolism. Working out every day and enhancing thyroid function with supplements also helps to increase the thyroid function.
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  • What is the main function of testosterone?

    Q: What is the main function of testosterone?

    A: Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone, and its main function is to control male physical features. This hormone is created in the testes, and testosterone helps transform a boy into a man. Testosterone deepens the voice, builds muscle, strengthens bones, increases penis size and produces body hair, such as facial hair and pubic hair. Women also produce testosterone; however, women produce the hormone in much smaller amounts.
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  • How do sweat glands regulate body temperature?

    Q: How do sweat glands regulate body temperature?

    A: According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, sweat glands regulate body temperature by secreting water onto the surface of the skin where heat is then removed by evaporation. There are two types of sweat glands found only in mammals, the eccrine sweat glands and the apocrine sweat glands. The eccrine sweat glands are controlled by the sympathetic nervous system and are responsible for regulating body temperature.
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  • What is the largest gland in the human body?

    Q: What is the largest gland in the human body?

    A: The liver is the largest gland in the human body. It is also an essential organ of the digestive system and has a wide array of functions.
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  • How many glands does the human body have?

    Q: How many glands does the human body have?

    A: The human body contains as many as nine ductless glands and five ducted glands, depending on gender and physiology. These 14 major glands are essential for conducting a wide range of key biological processes.
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  • What causes sweating under the arms?

    Q: What causes sweating under the arms?

    A: The human body contains two types of sweat glands: apocrine and eccrine. Apocrine glands are found in the armpit and the groin and increase sweat production in response to emotion, stress and hormones. Eccrine glands are found all over the body and secrete sweat through pores directly onto the skin's surface, cooling the body through evaporation. Both apocrine and eccrine glands cause underarm sweating.
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  • Why is the endocrine system important?

    Q: Why is the endocrine system important?

    A: According to TeensHealth, the endocrine system is important because it regulates tissue function, mood, metabolism, growth and development, sexual function and reproductive processes. It influences nearly all cells, organs and functions of the human body. It is responsible for body processes that occur slowly, such as cell growth.
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  • What hormone does the thymus gland produce?

    Q: What hormone does the thymus gland produce?

    A: The thymus gland produces the hormone Thymosin, which stimulates the production of antibodies. The Thymus also creates T-lymphocytes, which are white blood cells used to combat infection and abnormal cells, and Thymopoietin, which is a protein present in mRNA.
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  • What organ produces estrogen?

    Q: What organ produces estrogen?

    A: Estrogen is produced in the egg follicle and interstitial cells of the ovaries, according to the Encyclopædia Britannica. The placenta is another major source of estrogen, with adrenal glands and male testes secreting small amounts of estrogen as well.
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  • Where are the lymph nodes located?

    Q: Where are the lymph nodes located?

    A: There are hundreds of lymph nodes throughout the human body, mainly located in the head and neck region according to Mayo Clinic. However, lymph nodes are also found in the arms, legs, abdomen and groin area of the body.
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  • How does sweat cool you down?

    Q: How does sweat cool you down?

    A: Sweat uses evaporative cooling to maintain body temperature. As liquids evaporate, they shed molecules into the air. The liquid changes into a gas, drawing heat from the liquid. The process draws heat from the body. Evaporation also cools the remaining liquid because faster-moving hot molecules are more likely to escape into the air, according to HowStuffworks.
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  • What results from increased insulin?

    Q: What results from increased insulin?

    A: According to Web MD, consequences of having too much insulin circulating in the bloodstream include hypoglycemia or low blood sugar, dizziness, shakiness, sweating and irritability. In severe cases, increased levels of insulin cause fainting and unconsciousness, seizures and coma. Severely elevated insulin levels are most often experienced by diabetic patients who overdose on their insulin injections.
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  • Q: How does taking female hormones affect male fertility?

    A: Male fertility is negatively affected by female hormones. The size of the testes and production of sperm is reduced in males supplementing with female hormones, reports TransGenderCare. In addition, the size of the penis and prostate reduce, sexual drive and frequency of erections drops, and the volume of ejaculate decreases.
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  • Q: Where is the thyroid gland located?

    A: The thyroid gland is located in the neck. It is wrapped around the front of the windpipe, just below the Adam's apple. It is often described as butterfly-shaped because it is made up of two wing-like lobes and a small connective band called the isthmus.
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  • Q: What does an endocrinologist do?

    A: Endocrinologists treat imbalances of the endocrine system, which includes the thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, pancreas, adrenal glands and pituitary gland. Typical conditions that endocrinologists treat include hyperthyroidism, thyroid cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, Addison's disease, growth hormone deficiency, obesity and pituitary tumors.
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  • Q: How can you naturally increase testosterone?

    A: Male testosterone levels can be increased in safe, healthy ways, explains WebMD, primarily through lifestyle changes involving diet and exercise. Some changes that improve testosterone levels include getting adequate sleep, keeping a healthy weight, getting cardiovascular exercise regularly, performing strength training, managing stress and avoiding or monitoring use of medications that can lower testosterone. These include opioid pain relievers, such as Oxycontin; anabolic steroids; and glucocorticoid medicines, such as prednisone.
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  • Q: What would cause a women to have her period for 3 weeks straight?

    A: A period that lasts longer than seven days is considered abnormal menstruation, and the Cleveland Clinic explains that stress, disease, birth control pills and other serious conditions could be causing a long period. Women with periods lasting over a week should seek medical assistance.
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  • Q: What is the best prohormone available?

    A: The best prohormone available is 1-Andro, according to MindandMuscle.com. It is a legal prohormone that converts to 1-testosterone. One of the benefits of 1-Andro is that it does not convert to estrogen or DHT, which can result in hair loss and enlarged breasts in men.
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  • Q: Where is the thyroid located?

    A: The thyroid is located in the lower part of the neck below the Adam's apple. It is composed of two lobes, one on either side of the trachea. It is joined by a bridge, referred to as the isthmus, that stretches over the windpipe.
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