Glands & Hormones

A:

Sweat, also called perspiration, is a fluid produced by the sweat glands made up of water, minerals, lactate and urea. The minerals that make up sweat can vary from person to person depending on a number of factors. This fluid is used by the body to help cool it when heat builds up inside.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • Why is the endocrine system important?

    Q: Why is the endocrine system important?

    A: According to TeensHealth, the endocrine system is important because it regulates tissue function, mood, metabolism, growth and development, sexual function and reproductive processes. It influences nearly all cells, organs and functions of the human body. It is responsible for body processes that occur slowly, such as cell growth.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What organ produces estrogen?

    Q: What organ produces estrogen?

    A: Estrogen is produced in the egg follicle and interstitial cells of the ovaries, according to the Encyclopædia Britannica. The placenta is another major source of estrogen, with adrenal glands and male testes secreting small amounts of estrogen as well.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the function of the mammillary bodies?

    Q: What is the function of the mammillary bodies?

    A: Although studies into the structures is causing some scientists to question human understanding of them, mammillary bodies primarily act as relays for impulses that travel through the brain. Additionally, the bodies appear to be very important in forming and recalling memories. Destruction or injury to these portions of the brain is often associated with amnesia.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the largest gland in the human body?

    Q: What is the largest gland in the human body?

    A: The liver is the largest gland in the human body. It is also an essential organ of the digestive system and has a wide array of functions.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do sweat glands regulate body temperature?

    Q: How do sweat glands regulate body temperature?

    A: According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, sweat glands regulate body temperature by secreting water onto the surface of the skin where heat is then removed by evaporation. There are two types of sweat glands found only in mammals, the eccrine sweat glands and the apocrine sweat glands. The eccrine sweat glands are controlled by the sympathetic nervous system and are responsible for regulating body temperature.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What causes sweating under the arms?

    Q: What causes sweating under the arms?

    A: The human body contains two types of sweat glands: apocrine and eccrine. Apocrine glands are found in the armpit and the groin and increase sweat production in response to emotion, stress and hormones. Eccrine glands are found all over the body and secrete sweat through pores directly onto the skin's surface, cooling the body through evaporation. Both apocrine and eccrine glands cause underarm sweating.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What hormone does the thymus gland produce?

    Q: What hormone does the thymus gland produce?

    A: The thymus gland produces the hormone Thymosin, which stimulates the production of antibodies. The Thymus also creates T-lymphocytes, which are white blood cells used to combat infection and abnormal cells, and Thymopoietin, which is a protein present in mRNA.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What results from increased insulin?

    Q: What results from increased insulin?

    A: According to Web MD, consequences of having too much insulin circulating in the bloodstream include hypoglycemia or low blood sugar, dizziness, shakiness, sweating and irritability. In severe cases, increased levels of insulin cause fainting and unconsciousness, seizures and coma. Severely elevated insulin levels are most often experienced by diabetic patients who overdose on their insulin injections.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How does sweat cool you down?

    Q: How does sweat cool you down?

    A: Sweat uses evaporative cooling to maintain body temperature. As liquids evaporate, they shed molecules into the air. The liquid changes into a gas, drawing heat from the liquid. The process draws heat from the body. Evaporation also cools the remaining liquid because faster-moving hot molecules are more likely to escape into the air, according to HowStuffworks.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the main function of testosterone?

    Q: What is the main function of testosterone?

    A: Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone, and its main function is to control male physical features. This hormone is created in the testes, and testosterone helps transform a boy into a man. Testosterone deepens the voice, builds muscle, strengthens bones, increases penis size and produces body hair, such as facial hair and pubic hair. Women also produce testosterone; however, women produce the hormone in much smaller amounts.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Where are the lymph nodes located?

    Q: Where are the lymph nodes located?

    A: There are hundreds of lymph nodes throughout the human body, mainly located in the head and neck region according to Mayo Clinic. However, lymph nodes are also found in the arms, legs, abdomen and groin area of the body.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do you speed up your thyroid?

    Q: How do you speed up your thyroid?

    A: According to The Dr. Oz Show, speeding up the metabolism can be done by eating foods rich in iodine and avoiding foods known as goitrogens, which slow down the metabolism. Working out every day and enhancing thyroid function with supplements also helps to increase the thyroid function.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How many glands does the human body have?

    Q: How many glands does the human body have?

    A: The human body contains as many as nine ductless glands and five ducted glands, depending on gender and physiology. These 14 major glands are essential for conducting a wide range of key biological processes.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What makes people cry?

    Q: What makes people cry?

    A: Crying is a release of built up emotions and is a way for the emotions to come out of the body in physical form. People generally cry when they are happy, sad, in awe of something or otherwise overwhelmed by a large amount of any emotion.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What is the composition of pancreatic juice?

    A: Pancreatic juice is composed of several enzymes including trypsinogen, chymotrypsinogen, elastase, carboxypeptidase, pancreatic lipase, nucleases and amylase. These are released into the small intestine where they help break down fats, proteins and carbohydrates for absorption into the bloodstream. Pancreatic juice also contains a high level of bicarbonate to neutralize stomach acid.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What are sudoriferous glands?

    A: Sudoriferous glands are small glandular structures located under and within the skin, according to MedicineNet. These glands are tubular in structure and very tiny. They produce sweat and perspiration.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What gland produces testosterone?

    A: The testes, located in the scrotum, produce and secrete testosterone. Although it plays a lesser role in their reproductive health, women's ovaries also create and secrete small amounts of testosterone. In both sexes, it is the hypothalamus and pituitary gland that determines how much testosterone is made.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What are some different types of hormones?

    A: Some different types of hormones are thyrotropin-releasing hormone, growth hormone, oxytocin, thyroxine, calcitonin and insulin. Hormones are released from various endocrine glands to serve different functions in the body.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What is mediastinal lymphadenopathy of lymph node of the subcarinal region?

    A: Lymphadenopathy refers to the enlargement of lymph nodes, and the subcarinal region is found directly below the trachea, where it branches off into the left and right side. The subcarinal region is part of the mediastinum, which is the large area within the chest that houses the heart and lungs.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: Why do people sweat?

    A: Humans have a fairly rare ability to sweat, which allows them to excrete a salty liquid in order to cool the skin. This is essential to sustain endurance activities without overheating.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What is the function of the Cowper's gland?

    A: The Cowper's glad, also known as the bulbourethral gland is responsible for producing pre-ejaculate fluid in the male reproductive system, as noted by Healthline. The purpose of the pre-ejaculate fluid is to make the environment of the urethra more hospitable for sperm and thus aid in reproduction.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:

Explore Human Anatomy