Glands & Hormones

A:

Estrogen is produced in the egg follicle and interstitial cells of the ovaries, according to the Encyclopædia Britannica. The placenta is another major source of estrogen, with adrenal glands and male testes secreting small amounts of estrogen as well.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • How do you speed up your thyroid?

    Q: How do you speed up your thyroid?

    A: According to The Dr. Oz Show, speeding up the metabolism can be done by eating foods rich in iodine and avoiding foods known as goitrogens, which slow down the metabolism. Working out every day and enhancing thyroid function with supplements also helps to increase the thyroid function.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the largest gland in the human body?

    Q: What is the largest gland in the human body?

    A: The liver is the largest gland in the human body. It is also an essential organ of the digestive system and has a wide array of functions.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What organ produces estrogen?

    Q: What organ produces estrogen?

    A: Estrogen is produced in the egg follicle and interstitial cells of the ovaries, according to the Encyclopædia Britannica. The placenta is another major source of estrogen, with adrenal glands and male testes secreting small amounts of estrogen as well.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What hormone does the thymus gland produce?

    Q: What hormone does the thymus gland produce?

    A: The thymus gland produces the hormone Thymosin, which stimulates the production of antibodies. The Thymus also creates T-lymphocytes, which are white blood cells used to combat infection and abnormal cells, and Thymopoietin, which is a protein present in mRNA.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How does sweat cool you down?

    Q: How does sweat cool you down?

    A: Sweat uses evaporative cooling to maintain body temperature. As liquids evaporate, they shed molecules into the air. The liquid changes into a gas, drawing heat from the liquid. The process draws heat from the body. Evaporation also cools the remaining liquid because faster-moving hot molecules are more likely to escape into the air, according to HowStuffworks.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How do sweat glands regulate body temperature?

    Q: How do sweat glands regulate body temperature?

    A: According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, sweat glands regulate body temperature by secreting water onto the surface of the skin where heat is then removed by evaporation. There are two types of sweat glands found only in mammals, the eccrine sweat glands and the apocrine sweat glands. The eccrine sweat glands are controlled by the sympathetic nervous system and are responsible for regulating body temperature.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How many glands does the human body have?

    Q: How many glands does the human body have?

    A: The human body contains as many as nine ductless glands and five ducted glands, depending on gender and physiology. These 14 major glands are essential for conducting a wide range of key biological processes.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Where are the lymph nodes located?

    Q: Where are the lymph nodes located?

    A: There are hundreds of lymph nodes throughout the human body, mainly located in the head and neck region according to Mayo Clinic. However, lymph nodes are also found in the arms, legs, abdomen and groin area of the body.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why is the endocrine system important?

    Q: Why is the endocrine system important?

    A: According to TeensHealth, the endocrine system is important because it regulates tissue function, mood, metabolism, growth and development, sexual function and reproductive processes. It influences nearly all cells, organs and functions of the human body. It is responsible for body processes that occur slowly, such as cell growth.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the main function of testosterone?

    Q: What is the main function of testosterone?

    A: Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone, and its main function is to control male physical features. This hormone is created in the testes, and testosterone helps transform a boy into a man. Testosterone deepens the voice, builds muscle, strengthens bones, increases penis size and produces body hair, such as facial hair and pubic hair. Women also produce testosterone; however, women produce the hormone in much smaller amounts.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the function of the mammillary bodies?

    Q: What is the function of the mammillary bodies?

    A: Although studies into the structures is causing some scientists to question human understanding of them, mammillary bodies primarily act as relays for impulses that travel through the brain. Additionally, the bodies appear to be very important in forming and recalling memories. Destruction or injury to these portions of the brain is often associated with amnesia.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What makes people cry?

    Q: What makes people cry?

    A: Crying is a release of built up emotions and is a way for the emotions to come out of the body in physical form. People generally cry when they are happy, sad, in awe of something or otherwise overwhelmed by a large amount of any emotion.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What results from increased insulin?

    Q: What results from increased insulin?

    A: According to Web MD, consequences of having too much insulin circulating in the bloodstream include hypoglycemia or low blood sugar, dizziness, shakiness, sweating and irritability. In severe cases, increased levels of insulin cause fainting and unconsciousness, seizures and coma. Severely elevated insulin levels are most often experienced by diabetic patients who overdose on their insulin injections.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What causes sweating under the arms?

    Q: What causes sweating under the arms?

    A: The human body contains two types of sweat glands: apocrine and eccrine. Apocrine glands are found in the armpit and the groin and increase sweat production in response to emotion, stress and hormones. Eccrine glands are found all over the body and secrete sweat through pores directly onto the skin's surface, cooling the body through evaporation. Both apocrine and eccrine glands cause underarm sweating.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What are the complications and side effects of hormonal therapy?

    A: Nausea, headaches, and breast pain are all common side effects of hormone therapy, reports MedicineNet.com. Additionally, hormone therapy is shown to increase risk for vein clots in the legs, blood clots in the lungs, breast and uterine cancer, and heart attacks.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What are the benefits of sweating?

    A: The main benefit and purpose of sweating is to cool the body and prevent overheating. Other benefits are the elimination of toxins and excess salt from the body and defense against viruses and bacteria. Sweat contains peptides that are deadly to bacteria, fungi and viruses. By purging toxins from the skin, sweating can also remove substances that clog pores and form pimples.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What does an endocrinologist do?

    A: Endocrinologists treat imbalances of the endocrine system, which includes the thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, pancreas, adrenal glands and pituitary gland. Typical conditions that endocrinologists treat include hyperthyroidism, thyroid cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, Addison's disease, growth hormone deficiency, obesity and pituitary tumors.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What is the composition of pancreatic juice?

    A: Pancreatic juice is composed of several enzymes including trypsinogen, chymotrypsinogen, elastase, carboxypeptidase, pancreatic lipase, nucleases and amylase. These are released into the small intestine where they help break down fats, proteins and carbohydrates for absorption into the bloodstream. Pancreatic juice also contains a high level of bicarbonate to neutralize stomach acid.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What is the purpose of the cortisol hormone in the body?

    A: The purpose of cortisol in the body is to increase the levels of blood glucose, according to Dummies.com. It lowers the muscles' uptake of protein, increases blood pressure, and suppresses the immune system. It also floods the body with chemicals that repair tissues in case of injury.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Q: What is the function of sebum?

    A: Among the functions attributed to sebum in humans are the protection of the skin from UV rays, the inhibition of harmful microorganisms on the skin, the delivery of antioxidants to the skin surface and the creation of a moisture barrier to prevent excess water from passing through the skin. Though it performs many functions, science does not yet have a complete understanding of the role of sebum in the body.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Where does lymph come from?

    Q: Where does lymph come from?

    A: Lymph is a clear fluid found throughout the lymphatic system in the human body. It is comprised of white blood cells and fluid from the intestines that contains fats and proteins from the food humans consume.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:

Explore Human Anatomy