Though stars are shining in the sky at all times, they are not visible during the day because the sun's brightness overpowers the dimmer stars. At night, without interference from the sun's rays, the other stars become visible.
A:Cosmic rays are fast-moving elementary particles, such as protons, electrons and atomic nuclei, that strike the Earth from outer space. They travel almost at the speed of light. Scientists believe they originate from supernovas, black holes and quasars.
A:Ukrainian scientists discovered a large asteroid in late 2013 that could possibly strike the Earth on Aug. 26, 2032. If such a collision occurred, it would strike with a force 50 times greater than the largest atomic bomb.
A:Comets are made up of collections of ice, dust and rocky particles that are leftover from the formation of the solar system 4.6 billion years ago. Comets range in length from a few kilometers to tens of kilometers. The nuclei are comprised of frozen gases such as carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane and ammonia.
A:The burning meteor that causes a shooting star can vary from the size of a grain of sand to a 1-meter-long object. As the meteor falls through the atmosphere, it burns up and gives the appearance of a star falling.
A:The asteroid belt is a region of the solar system between Mars and Jupiter where the majority of the asteroids in the solar system are found. Millions of asteroids are believed to be located in this region.
A:Meteors from Mars arrive on Earth as the result of impacts on the planet by other bodies, which launch material out into space. Some of this debris is pulled in by the gravity of the Earth, falling as Martian meteorites.
A:Though stars are shining in the sky at all times, they are not visible during the day because the sun's brightness overpowers the dimmer stars. At night, without interference from the sun's rays, the other stars become visible.
A:Recent sightings of great comets, or comets bright enough to be seen without the aid of special equipment, are Comet Lovejoy in 2011, Comet McNaught in 2007, Comet Hale-Bopp in 1997, Comet Hyakutake in 1996, Comet West in 1976, Comet Ikeya-Seki in 1965, Comet Skjellerup-Maristany in 1927 and Halley's Comet in 1910. Numerous comets too dim to be seen by anyone but astronomers regularly pass through the solar system.
A:A comet is a frozen collection of rocks, gases and dust that orbits around the sun, while a meteor is a piece of debris that comes into contact with a planet's atmosphere. Before it collides with a planet, a meteor is called a meteoroid.
A:The comet people are most likely to know by name, and therefore perhaps the most famous, is Halley's Comet. This comet can be seen from Earth's about every 75 years, with its next predicted return in 2061.
A:The bright green color of some meteorites is caused by the internal combustion of metals as they pass through the upper atmosphere. Many asteroids are rich in nickel and have trace amounts of copper. Both metals burn green when sufficiently heated.
A:Asteroids are formed from the leftovers of the formation of our solar system from about 4.6 billion years ago. Early on, the birth of Jupiter prevented any planetary bodies from forming in the gap between Mars and Jupiter, causing the small objects that were there to collide with each other and fragment into the asteroids seen today.
A:According to Yury Zaitsev, at Space Daily, an asteroid has a speed of about 55,923 miles per hour on average. Potential asteroid impacts on Earth have become a concern in recent years, with scientists suggesting the monitoring of all space objects in close proximity to the Earth.
A:Unlike other meteor showers, the Draconid meteor shower is not confined to a specific area of the sky, so the best way to watch them is to find a location away from the lights of the city, lie back on a blanket, and prepare to spend at least two hours gazing at the sky. When sky-gazing for the Draconid meteors it's best to point your feet in a north-to-northwest direction.
A:Dozens of asteroids orbit throughout the galaxy, but the most famous are those that have impacted the Earth. Asteroids that do are best known by the major craters they leave behind. The Vredefort crater was created by an asteroid nearly two billion years ago in South Africa. The crater has a radius of 118 miles and is believed to be the largest asteroid crater.
A:Comets begin as a mixture of ice and dust and end up losing their ice and gases each time they orbit around the sun. They come from the Kuiper Belt and the Oort Cloud. After around 500 passes, they lose most of their ice and gas content and eventually turn into something close to an asteroid.