Botany

A:

The balanced chemical equation for photosynthesis is 6 CO2 + 6 H2O ? C6H12O6 + 6 O2. In English terms, this equation translates to six carbon dioxide plus six water results in glucose plus six oxygen.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What is parallel venation?

    Q: What is parallel venation?

    A: Parallel venation refers to a pattern in the veins of a leaf where the secondary veins run parallel to each other off of a central, perpendicular primary vein. Parallel venation is also sometimes used to describe a similar pattern on an insect's wing.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the characteristics of plants?

    Q: What are the characteristics of plants?

    A: Plants are eukaryotic, meaning their cells have a nucleus. They form tissues, have multiple cells and create food through photosynthesis, which is the process of turning sunlight into energy.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How are fungi and plants similar?

    Q: How are fungi and plants similar?

    A: Plants and fungi are both eukaryotic organisms whose cells are buffered by cellulose walls. Like plants, some fungi can be used as food and medicine, and they are alike in their relative lack of mobility.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the function of cellulose?

    Q: What is the function of cellulose?

    A: Cellulose makes up most of the tough cell walls surrounding plant cells and enables plants to stand upright, according to Education Portal. It is the major component of plants that makes the branches, stems and leaves very strong.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Where does photosynthesis take place in a cactus?

    Q: Where does photosynthesis take place in a cactus?

    A: While different cactuses may have specialized photosynthetic techniques, in general, photosynthesis occurs in a cactus' stem or trunk. The concept of photosynthesis in a cactus or succulent plant may seem strange considering that most of them do not have obvious leaves like many other plants, but their stems or trunks serve the same photosynthetic function as some other plants' leaves.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the function of a plant's stem?

    Q: What is the function of a plant's stem?

    A: A plant’s stem serves as the support structure for its above ground components and as a conduit through which water and nutrients can travel. When a stem is green due to the presence of chlorophyll, it also produces food. In some plant species, the stem stores energy or food for future use.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the biggest flower in the world?

    Q: What is the biggest flower in the world?

    A: The biggest flower in the world is the Rafflesia arnoldii. It grows up to 3 feet in diameter and weighs up to 15 pounds. It is also called the corpse flower.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the difference between monocot and dicot stems?

    Q: What is the difference between monocot and dicot stems?

    A: Dicot stems have a circular arrangement of vascular tissues, whereas the stems of monocots have vascular-tissue bundles scattered throughout. In monocots the vascular bundles also tend to be toward the outside of the stem. Dicot vascular tissue forms a cylinder near the center of the stem.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is photosynthesis?

    Q: What is photosynthesis?

    A: Photosynthesis is the process by which green plants manufacture their own food. The process takes place in small structures within the plant’s cells called chloroplasts. Photosynthesis evolved about 3 billion years ago, yet it remains the most important method for harvesting the sun’s energy on the planet.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the difference between a taproot and a fibrous root?

    Q: What is the difference between a taproot and a fibrous root?

    A: Plants with a taproot system are usually deep rooted while fibrous roots are much shorter, and are densely packed fine roots. The taproot system allows plants to anchor better, get sources of minerals and water from further into the ground than fibrous rooted plants. The fibrous system is more susceptible to drought; however, it also allows the plant to respond faster to an application of fertilizer.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the four things needed for photosynthesis?

    Q: What are the four things needed for photosynthesis?

    A: Photosynthesis can only occur when a plant has access to water, carbon dioxide, sunlight and chlorophyll. Plant cells naturally produce chlorophyll, and they draw carbon dioxide directly from the air. Water and sunlight must be acquired from external sources.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the difference between pollination and fertilization?

    Q: What is the difference between pollination and fertilization?

    A: Pollination is the process whereby pollen grains move from the anther to the stigma on a flower’s style, while fertilization is the fusion of the male gametes and female egg cells to form a new plant seed. Pollination precedes fertilization and depends on such media as wind, water and insects. Pollination takes place externally, while fertilization occurs in the inside of the flower and does not depend on external vectors.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Is fungi prokaryotic or eukaryotic?

    Q: Is fungi prokaryotic or eukaryotic?

    A: Fungi are eukaryotic organisms that comprise one of the kingdoms of life. Most fungi are multicellular. As eukaryotic organisms, fungi possess cells with organelles, which are structures surrounded by membranes.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What happens during the process of germination?

    Q: What happens during the process of germination?

    A: Germination takes place in three steps or stages and takes the young seed from a dormant state to the very beginning stage of growing as a seedling. Germination takes place in plants, flowers and trees: this process is to members of the plant family what metamorphosis is to insects such as moths and butterflies. The process requires several critical ingredients to begin, including water, sunlight and nutrients.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How is a leaf adapted to carry out photosynthesis?

    Q: How is a leaf adapted to carry out photosynthesis?

    A: Leaves are adapted for carrying out photosynthesis by virtue of their flat shape and periodic replacement, and because they contain most of the plant’s chlorophyll. Leaves are the primary location in which photosynthesis occurs, so plants often arrange their leaves to receive the most solar radiation.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Where does carbon dioxide come from?

    Q: Where does carbon dioxide come from?

    A: Carbon dioxide is generated through the oxidation of carbon or carbon compounds, including combustion and cellular respiration. Carbon dioxide is also released into the atmosphere when water thaws, as well as during volcanic eruptions. While many fear its theorized effects on global temperatures, carbon dioxide is absolutely essential to the vast majority of life on Earth.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is needed for photosynthesis to occur?

    Q: What is needed for photosynthesis to occur?

    A: For photosynthesis to occur, plants need sunlight, water, carbon dioxide and chlorophyll. Through the process of photosynthesis plants convert light energy into chemical energy. They use this energy to make food which they store as sugars.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the two main functions of roots?

    Q: What are the two main functions of roots?

    A: The two main functions of roots are to deliver water and nutrients to the plant or tree and provide an anchor that keeps the plant or tree in the soil. Roots are generally the first part of any plant that emerges during germination.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the importance of botany?

    Q: What is the importance of botany?

    A: Botany is important primarily because it is the scientific study of plants, which are in turn used in many aspects of human life. Botanists study plants of all kinds and apply their knowledge of characteristics and traits of crops, plants and flowers to influence the fields of medicine, science and cosmetics among others. Plants support basic daily functions of human life by providing food and nutrition, supplementing medicines and cosmetic products and serving as important ingredients in a variety of medicines.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Can plants recognize their siblings?

    Q: Can plants recognize their siblings?

    A: Some people think if you've seen one mustard plant, you've seen them all, but that isn't true. If plants could talk, they would tell you that they are able to recognize their siblings, or seeds that have grown from the same mother plant. Additionally, the plants will show preferential treatment toward its kin.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How does a cactus make its own food?

    Q: How does a cactus make its own food?

    A: Cacti produce their food through photosynthesis that occurs in their pads, which are modified stems. Evolution has modified their leaves into spines that provide shade for the pads and break up the wind to reduce evaporation through the skin of the stems.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:

Explore Biology