Botany

A:

Moss reproduces both sexually and asexually. For sexual reproduction, plants produce a male and female structure, often on different plants, and the sperm swims toward the eggs to accomplish fertilization. In the case of asexual reproduction, any time part of the stem or even just a leaf breaks off, the bits regenerate to create a new moss plant.

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  • Where do Venus flytraps live?

    Q: Where do Venus flytraps live?

    A: Venus flytraps live in acid-rich soils mixed with drainage materials and are mostly restricted to specific regions of North Carolina and South Carolina. They can be cultivated at home in a substrate consisting of 65 percent sphagnum moss and 35 percent sand.
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  • Why do we need plants?

    Q: Why do we need plants?

    A: Plants are necessary because they are a primary food source and provide the oxygen that is vital to animals' and humans' existence. A majority of the calories that people consume comes from plants, and most meat comes from animals that eat plants. Plants are at the bottom of the food chain, and animals could not survive without them. Plants also release the oxygen that humans and animals breathe.
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  • What is the function of a flower?

    Q: What is the function of a flower?

    A: The purpose of a flower is to attract pollinators to a plant to aid in fertilization so that the plant creates seeds. Bright colors, strong scents and sweet nectar all work together to attract birds, bees and other insects to move pollen from one flower to another. After pollination occurs, the flower develops seeds.
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  • What is the function of the vacuole?

    Q: What is the function of the vacuole?

    A: The function of the vacuole depends on the type of cell in which it is found. One of the main functions of the vacuole is to isolate materials that might be harmful to the cell.
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  • Where is food stored in a plant?

    Q: Where is food stored in a plant?

    A: There are several places where plants store food, the most common being in the roots or in their fruit. One way of knowing where the food stores are is by observing which parts of the plant are eaten by animals.
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  • Why is sunlight needed for photosynthesis?

    Q: Why is sunlight needed for photosynthesis?

    A: Sunlight is needed for photosynthesis because the solar energy is what is converted to chemical energy by the plant's chloroplasts. This energy is necessary for the production of glucose, which provides usable energy for the plant.
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  • What is the function of leaves?

    Q: What is the function of leaves?

    A: The function of leaves is to help the plant produce food by converting the energy in sunlight into chemical energy that the plant can eat. The structures within the leaf convert the energy and make it possible for the plant to get food.
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  • What states have palm trees?

    Q: What states have palm trees?

    A: Palm trees grow naturally in Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Texas, Arizona, California and Hawaii. These are the only places in the United States where palm trees grow native to the surrounding environment.
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  • What is the reproductive part of a plant called?

    Q: What is the reproductive part of a plant called?

    A: A plant's flower contains its reproductive components. The plant male reproductive organs are called stamens, and the plant female reproductive organs are called carpels, or a pistil.
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  • What are some adaptations of the water lily?

    Q: What are some adaptations of the water lily?

    A: The adaptations of the water lily include the wide, flat leaves, the thorns on the bottom of the leaves, the rims around the leaves and the short lifespan of the flower. These specific adaptations allow the water lily to survive in its environment.
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  • How do plants protect themselves?

    Q: How do plants protect themselves?

    A: Internally, plants are equipped with immune systems to defend against pathogens, and many produce chemicals to ward off attacks from potential predators, such as beetles, worms and other insects. Some plants also have spiky thistles and needles along their stems and branches to make them unappealing (and inedible) to prey, while others sprout colorful blossoms that are certainly pleasing to the eye, but more importantly, warn predators that plants have venom or toxic chemicals within.
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  • How are fungi and plants similar?

    Q: How are fungi and plants similar?

    A: Plants and fungi are both eukaryotic organisms whose cells are buffered by cellulose walls. Like plants, some fungi can be used as food and medicine, and they are alike in their relative lack of mobility.
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  • Why are chloroplasts green?

    Q: Why are chloroplasts green?

    A: Chloroplasts, the parts of plant cells responsible for photosynthesis, are green because they contain the pigment chlorophyll, which absorbs the red and blue wavelengths of light and reflects back the green wavelengths. Chlorophyll absorbs particular colors of light to provide the right amount of energy for photosynthesis to take place. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants use the energy from the sun to convert carbon dioxide from the air into carbohydrates for food.
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  • What happens during the process of germination?

    Q: What happens during the process of germination?

    A: Germination takes place in three steps or stages and takes the young seed from a dormant state to the very beginning stage of growing as a seedling. Germination takes place in plants, flowers and trees: this process is to members of the plant family what metamorphosis is to insects such as moths and butterflies. The process requires several critical ingredients to begin, including water, sunlight and nutrients.
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  • What are the three parts of a seed?

    Q: What are the three parts of a seed?

    A: The three parts of a seed are the embryo, the endosperm and the seed coat. The embryo is a miniature form of the plant that is fed by the nutrition contained in the endosperm. The embryo is protected from the external environment by the seed coat.
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  • Where does the poinsettia originate?

    Q: Where does the poinsettia originate?

    A: The poinsettia comes from Mexico and Central America. The Aztecs, who called it "Cuetlaxochitl," used the flower in medicine and dyes. After the Spanish conquest of Mexico, Christian priests began using it in religious rituals.
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  • What percent of the sun's energy do plants use?

    Q: What percent of the sun's energy do plants use?

    A: For photosynthesis, plants use approximately 0.023 percent of sunlight energy. This is a very small percentage that plants need to make food when compared to the water cycle’s use of solar energy, which is 23 percent.
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  • What is the function of the stem?

    Q: What is the function of the stem?

    A: A stem has several functions, including support, conducting water, storing water, producing food and facilitating asexual reproduction. The stem connects the plant's leaves and flowers to its roots. Along with water, the stem carries products from photosynthesis and nutrients to the roots and leaves. It engages in food production through photosynthesis, and it also stores the products made during photosynthesis.
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  • Why are plants called "producers"?

    Q: Why are plants called "producers"?

    A: Plants are called producers due to their ability to create complex biological compounds like glucose by processing carbon dioxide, sunlight and water. Plants also produce oxygen, contributing the atmosphere that all animals breathe. Producers are found at the base of every ecosystem in the world, providing the foundation of most complex life in the world.
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  • What are the advantages of seeds over spores?

    Q: What are the advantages of seeds over spores?

    A: Seeds, when compared to spores, have distinct advantages due to their hard outer shells and internal structures called endosperms, which provide essential nutrients for enclosed seedlings. Seeds are found only in flowering plants and gymnosperms. They contain embryos deep within their centers, which are surrounded by a sack of nutrients and minerals enclosed by a tough protective outer shell that protects the growing seed from predation and life-threatening exposure to the elements.
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  • Are plants prokaryotic or eukaryotic?

    Q: Are plants prokaryotic or eukaryotic?

    A: Plants are eukaryotes, with their DNA contained in a membrane-bound nucleus along with other membrane-bound organelles, such as mitochondria, chloroplasts and vacuoles. Their chloroplasts give them the ability to generate energy and carbohydrates from water, sunlight and carbon dioxide.
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