Botany

A:

The adaptations of the water lily include the wide, flat leaves, the thorns on the bottom of the leaves, the rims around the leaves and the short lifespan of the flower. These specific adaptations allow the water lily to survive in its environment.

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  • What is the scientific name for bamboo?

    Q: What is the scientific name for bamboo?

    A: There are many species of bamboo, and their scientific names include phyllostachys, bambusa, chusquea, borinda, fargesia and himalayacalmus. Other species are brachystachyum, chimonobambusa, dendrocalamus and schizostachyum.
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  • Where do oranges come from?

    Q: Where do oranges come from?

    A: Oranges are believed to have originated in southeastern Asian, formerly known as Indochina, southern China and northeastern India. The fruit was brought to the Mediterranean area by either traders or Portuguese explorers.
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  • Why do we need plants?

    Q: Why do we need plants?

    A: Plants are necessary because they are a primary food source and provide the oxygen that is vital to animals' and humans' existence. A majority of the calories that people consume comes from plants, and most meat comes from animals that eat plants. Plants are at the bottom of the food chain, and animals could not survive without them. Plants also release the oxygen that humans and animals breathe.
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  • Why are plants called "producers"?

    Q: Why are plants called "producers"?

    A: Plants are called producers due to their ability to create complex biological compounds like glucose by processing carbon dioxide, sunlight and water. Plants also produce oxygen, contributing the atmosphere that all animals breathe. Producers are found at the base of every ecosystem in the world, providing the foundation of most complex life in the world.
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  • Is fungi prokaryotic or eukaryotic?

    Q: Is fungi prokaryotic or eukaryotic?

    A: Fungi are eukaryotic organisms that comprise one of the kingdoms of life. Most fungi are multicellular. As eukaryotic organisms, fungi possess cells with organelles, which are structures surrounded by membranes.
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  • What is the difference between a taproot and a fibrous root?

    Q: What is the difference between a taproot and a fibrous root?

    A: Plants with a taproot system are usually deep rooted while fibrous roots are much shorter, and are densely packed fine roots. The taproot system allows plants to anchor better, get sources of minerals and water from further into the ground than fibrous rooted plants. The fibrous system is more susceptible to drought; however, it also allows the plant to respond faster to an application of fertilizer.
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  • What are the three parts of a seed?

    Q: What are the three parts of a seed?

    A: The three parts of a seed are the embryo, the endosperm and the seed coat. The embryo is a miniature form of the plant that is fed by the nutrition contained in the endosperm. The embryo is protected from the external environment by the seed coat.
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  • What types of trees have thorns?

    Q: What types of trees have thorns?

    A: Varieties of honeylocust, citrus, mesquite and hawthorn trees have thorns. Thorns are an adaption that trees developed as a way to ward off predators.
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  • Why do sunflowers face the sun?

    Q: Why do sunflowers face the sun?

    A: No one knows why sunflowers track the sun, but scientists suspect that it may enhance the flower’s chances for pollination, increase the amount of heat the flower absorbs or accelerate the maturation of the sunflower seeds. Sunflowers achieve their movement through the differential growth rate of the cells in the stem. When the cells on the right side of the plant grow quickly, the flower head tilts the opposite direction.
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  • How are plants adapted to live in dry conditions?

    Q: How are plants adapted to live in dry conditions?

    A: Plants adapt to dry conditions in a variety of ways, but many respond to dry conditions by storing large quantities of water, which can be used in times of need. For example, cactuses store water in their trunks and stems, while aloe plants store water in their leaves. Additionally, plants that live in dry areas often evolve thick outer cuticles that can help retard the rate of water loss.
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  • How do plants protect themselves?

    Q: How do plants protect themselves?

    A: Internally, plants are equipped with immune systems to defend against pathogens, and many produce chemicals to ward off attacks from potential predators, such as beetles, worms and other insects. Some plants also have spiky thistles and needles along their stems and branches to make them unappealing (and inedible) to prey, while others sprout colorful blossoms that are certainly pleasing to the eye, but more importantly, warn predators that plants have venom or toxic chemicals within.
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  • How does a cactus reproduce?

    Q: How does a cactus reproduce?

    A: The cactus is a plant that flowers, and the blooms generate fruit that bears seeds; it is the seeds that end up leading to new cactus plants. Bats provide the pollination for some species of cactus, and the flowers bloom in the spring each year. It is also possible to grow a cactus from broken fragments of an existing cactus, but the new plant is genetically identical.
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  • How are fungi and plants similar?

    Q: How are fungi and plants similar?

    A: Plants and fungi are both eukaryotic organisms whose cells are buffered by cellulose walls. Like plants, some fungi can be used as food and medicine, and they are alike in their relative lack of mobility.
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  • Why are leaves important to plants?

    Q: Why are leaves important to plants?

    A: Leaves are important because they are the primary source of photosynthesis, which is how plants feed themselves. Photosynthesis is the process of turning light energy into sugars, which plants need to survive, so leaves are very important to a plant's overall health and survival.
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  • Where does photosynthesis take place in a cactus?

    Q: Where does photosynthesis take place in a cactus?

    A: While different cactuses may have specialized photosynthetic techniques, in general, photosynthesis occurs in a cactus' stem or trunk. The concept of photosynthesis in a cactus or succulent plant may seem strange considering that most of them do not have obvious leaves like many other plants, but their stems or trunks serve the same photosynthetic function as some other plants' leaves.
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  • How do plants adapt to their environment?

    Q: How do plants adapt to their environment?

    A: Plants adapt to the environment by modifying their leaves, stem and roots. Desert plants such as the cactus modify their leaves into thorns to prevent loss of moisture through transpiration. Plants such as the lotus grow in water, have modified stems with pores and have short roots.
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  • What is the function of the lower epidermis?

    Q: What is the function of the lower epidermis?

    A: The lower epidermis contains stomata cells that help prevent water loss and regulate the exchange of gases such as oxygen and carbon dioxide, enabling plants to survive. Other cells in the lower epidermis include a waxy cuticle to protect underlying layers, according to Education Portal. Transparency in epidermal cells allows sunlight to pass through to chloroplasts, which are involved in photosynthesis.
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  • When does photosynthesis occur?

    Q: When does photosynthesis occur?

    A: Photosynthesis, the process by which plants convert the sun's energy to glucose, takes place during daylight hours when the plant's leaves are exposed to sunlight. This process only occurs in green plants and in some protist species. Carbon dioxide and water must also be present in order for photosynthesis to occur.
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  • Who discovered plastids?

    Q: Who discovered plastids?

    A: The term "plastid" was coined by German biologist Ernst Haeckel in a paper he presented in 1866, but the term was too vague. In 1883, fellow German Andreas Schimper was the first to provide a clear definition to "plastid" and note the relationship between different types.
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  • What are castor beans?

    Q: What are castor beans?

    A: Castor beans are seeds from the castor oil plant, also known as Ricinus communis. They are the source of castor oil and the poison ricin.
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  • What is an example of a non-green plant?

    Q: What is an example of a non-green plant?

    A: One common example of a non-green plant is Monotropa uniflora, or Indian Pipe. This completely white member of the blueberry family gets its color from a lack of chlorophyll, or the molecule that synthesizes sugar from sunlight and carbon dioxide.
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