Blood

A:

InnovateUs states that the main function of hemoglobin is transporting oxygen from the lungs to other parts of the body. It is an important chemical in red blood cells that carries oxygen, and performs different effect modulation and gas transport duties.

See Full Answer
Filed Under:
  • What is the function of glucose in the human body?

    Q: What is the function of glucose in the human body?

    A: Glucose provides a source of energy for the human body. Experts from Georgia State University say glucose is the most important simple sugar used for human metabolism.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How does oxygenated blood become deoxygenated?

    Q: How does oxygenated blood become deoxygenated?

    A: Red blood cells contain a protein called hemoglobin that takes up and releases oxygen in response to the environment around it. Hemoglobin is what's called a "metalloprotein" because it incorporates atoms of iron into its structure. This iron is positively charged and readily binds with oxygen. In oxygen-poor environments, the hemoglobin releases the oxygen it carries and picks up carbon dioxide.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Could a man with an AB blood type be the father of a child with type O blood?

    Q: Could a man with an AB blood type be the father of a child with type O blood?

    A: A man with type AB blood cannot be the father of a child with type O blood. A child with type O blood would have to get the O allele from both its father and mother.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How fast does the body replace blood?

    Q: How fast does the body replace blood?

    A: Different components of human blood are replaced at different rates. According to the AABB, a non-profit organization that represents organizations that conduct blood transfusions, plasma is replaced within a few hours of a blood donation while the red blood cells take a few weeks to replace. Doctors usually only remove about one pint of blood during a transfusion, which represents about 10 percent of the total blood volume.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What causes a ruptured blood vessel?

    Q: What causes a ruptured blood vessel?

    A: Broken blood vessels can occur for a variety of reasons, such as sun damage, heredity, aging, eating hot or spicy foods, exercise, stress, hormones, alcohol use, cortisone medications, rare skin diseases and direct trauma to the skin. This condition is known as telangiectasias and is observed when the vessels under the skin dilate and become visible, according to leading dermatologists from DermApproved.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What causes blood vessels to break?

    Q: What causes blood vessels to break?

    A: The breaking of blood vessels can be caused by trauma, various medical conditions or disease, states Reference.com. The most common cause of blood vessels breaking and bruising (discoloration due to bleeding into the skin) is trauma to the body.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How much is one unit of blood?

    Q: How much is one unit of blood?

    A: A unit of blood is equivalent to approximately 1 pint or 450 milliliters, according to the Canadian Blood Services website. The average patient requires around 4.6 units of blood.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the difference between warm-blooded and cold-blooded animals?

    Q: What is the difference between warm-blooded and cold-blooded animals?

    A: The difference between warm-blooded and cold-blooded animals involves the body temperature of the animal. Birds and mammals have warm blood and attempt to keep their internal parts at a set temperature. In a colder environment, their bodies create heat, and when they are in a warmer environment, their bodies cool themselves. Cold-blooded animals have the same temperature as their environment.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is hematopoiesis?

    Q: What is hematopoiesis?

    A: Hematopoiesis is defined as the process of blood cell production, multiplication and specialization in the bone marrow. This process typically starts with the most basic blood cells, called stem cells according to Austin Peay State University.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Which type of blood cells carry waste away from cells?

    Q: Which type of blood cells carry waste away from cells?

    A: Red blood cells carry waste from the cells to the lungs. Once this happens, the lungs remove the waste from the body by exhalation.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What are the smallest arteries called?

    Q: What are the smallest arteries called?

    A: The smallest arteries in the body are called arterioles. Arterioles are blood vessels that help to regulate the volume of oxygenated blood available in the capillaries that supply it to tissues and cells.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the function of hemoglobin?

    Q: What is the function of hemoglobin?

    A: InnovateUs states that the main function of hemoglobin is transporting oxygen from the lungs to other parts of the body. It is an important chemical in red blood cells that carries oxygen, and performs different effect modulation and gas transport duties.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why does rigor mortis occur?

    Q: Why does rigor mortis occur?

    A: Rigor mortis occurs because, after death, the muscles of the body partially contract, but they are unable to return to their relaxed state. About.com further explains that this causes the muscles to become fixed in place for around 72 hours.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the structure of arteries?

    Q: What is the structure of arteries?

    A: Arteries have three main layers or tunics known as the adventitia (outer), media (middle) and intima (inner). The outer layer is made of connective tissue with collagen fibers, the middle layer consists of smooth muscle and elastic fibers, and the innermost layer is composed of specialized squamous cells supported by the basement membrane of connective tissue.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is deoxygenated blood?

    Q: What is deoxygenated blood?

    A: According to For Dummies, deoxygenated blood is blood that has no oxygen. Blood becomes deoxygenated after receiving carbon dioxide in exchange for carbon dioxide, which occurs at the cell membrane during respiration and circulation.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What is the smallest blood vessel in the body?

    Q: What is the smallest blood vessel in the body?

    A: The smallest blood vessels in the human body are capillaries, which connect arteries and veins. Capillaries can be as small as 5 micrometers wide. The average adult body has about 10 billion capillaries.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What does "positive" mean regarding your blood type?

    Q: What does "positive" mean regarding your blood type?

    A: The American Pregnancy Association explains that the presence or lack of the Rh factor determines whether a blood type is positive or negative. The Rh factor is an antigen and a protein type located on the surface of red blood cells that causes an immune system response. When individuals have the Rh factor, their blood is Rh-positive. When they do not have it, their blood is Rh-negative.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • What happens when blood is too thick?

    Q: What happens when blood is too thick?

    A: When blood is too thick, it clots more easily, and the potential exists for blockage of the blood flow through the arteries and veins, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. This may trigger a heart attack or stroke. Polycythemia vera is a condition in which the body produces too many red blood cells, causing thickening of the blood and increasing the possibility that clotting occurs.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Why is blood classified as a tissue?

    Q: Why is blood classified as a tissue?

    A: According to School of Medicine at Southern Illinois University Carbondale, blood is classified as a type of connective tissue because it has the same mesodermal origin as other connective tissues. As About.com describes, all connective tissues, including blood, consist of cells dispersed in the extracellular matrix.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • How often does blood circulate through the body?

    Q: How often does blood circulate through the body?

    A: According to Santa Barbara City College, for an average person, the entire volume of blood in the circulatory system is pumped through the heart approximately once per minute. The average person has 5 liters of blood in their circulatory system and a cardiac output of 4.9 liters per minute.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:
  • Can your blood group change?

    Q: Can your blood group change?

    A: In-vivo, the blood group of a person is dictated by genetics and cannot be changed, according to Dr. Mehmet Oz, a professor of surgery at the Columbia University. The reported blood group changes are likely caused by a testing error during the initial test.
    See Full Answer
    Filed Under:

Explore Human Anatomy