According to the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (DCNR), changes in water's pH levels are caused by the dumping of certain chemicals into water systems. Dumping may be done by communities, industries or individuals.
A:Ether is used as a mild anesthetic and as a solvent in industries. It is an organic compound that has sweet smell. Ether is colorless and evaporates very quickly when exposed to air. It catches fire very easily and needs to be handled with care.
A:In chemistry, the term equilibrium refers to a chemical reaction occurring in which there is no net change in the concentration of reactants and products. The quantities of products and reactants achieve a constant ratio.
A:The pH of hydrochloric acid is 0. This reading is taken from a solution of 1 mole of hydrochloric acid. A less concentrated solution of the acid, such as a 0.5-mole solution, has a higher pH, meaning it would be less acidic.
A:There are numerous different kinds of acidic substances, like battery acid, concentrated sulfuric acid and lemon juice. These substances all have their own values of acidity, however, which is measured using the pH scale.
A:Acids and bases differ in chemical structure and reactions, pH level and taste. When interacting with phenolphthalein and litmus, each changes to a different color. Substances with a pH greater than seven are basic and those with a pH less than seven are acidic. Acidic substances taste sour, while basic substances are bitter.
A:Red cabbage juice is a good indicator of pH because it contains flavin, a pigment molecule that changes colors according to the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution. The juice is prepared by soaking chopped red cabbage in boiling water for at least 10 minutes and then filtering the solution to eliminate any plant material.
A:The pH level of lemon juice is about 2.0. Anything below 7 for pH levels means that it is an acid. Lemon juice is a strong acid. Lemons are strong in acidity because they are made of citrus juice and ascorbic acid.
A:The pH of Coke products ranges from 2.5 to 4.2. The most acidic Coke product is Coke Classic, which has a pH of 2.5. These beverages contain phosphoric acid, an additive used to enhance the flavor of soft drinks.
A:Copper is a pliable metal with high thermal and electrical conductivity capabilities. It can be identified on the periodic table of elements as Cu and as atomic number 29. Copper and its alloys have been used for thousands of years for various purposes.
A:Common household alkalis include indigestion tablets (antacids), bleach, toothpaste, baking powder, cream cleaner, oven cleaner, metal polish and alkaline batteries. They can have moderate to severe levels of toxicity.
A:When blue litmus paper is dipped in an acid, it turns red; when red litmus paper is dipped in an acid, it just appears to get wet. Alkacid paper, which is a universal indicator, turns orange or red when it is reacting to an acid, with a redder color indicating a lower pH and a stronger level of acidity.
A:The pH of concentrated sodium hydroxide is 14. It is one of the most strongly basic substances that exists; however, it is rarely encountered in its fully concentrated form, and its pH in solution depends on its concentration.
A:The pH level of lemon juice is 2.0. The pH scale is used to measure how acidic or alkaline/base a solution is. The pH scale runs from 0 to 14; a pH of 7 is neutral, a pH lower than 7 is acidic and higher than 7 is alkaline.
A:Acetone (C3H6O) has a pH of 7, which means that the substance, on its own, is neither an acid nor a base. This pH value, which is about the same as pure water, shows that acetone is relatively neutral. The organic compound is also known by the IUPAC name of propanone.
A:A solvent is the substance into which another substance dissolves to form a solution. It is the largest part of the solution. Its counterpart, the solute, is the part that dissolves within the solvent.
A:Bleach has a pH value of around 12 or 13. The pH scale is used as a measure of the acidity or basicity of solutions in which the solvent is water. Solutions with a pH value of 7 or less are acidic, while those above this number are basic.