Some examples of predator-prey relationships are lion-cape buffalo, tiger-deer, snake-frog, python-rabbit, bear-fish and cheetah-gazelle. Predator-prey relationships exist in all habitats and ecosystems. An eagle hunts smaller birds such as pigeons and swallows. An orca hunts seals and walruses in the sea.
A predator is usually a carnivore, and the prey is usually an herbivore, but this is not always the case.
A predator relies on excellent senses and skills to make a kill. Some of these skills are inherent in the species, and some are acquired. Superior senses of smell, vision and speed are essential for predators.
The prey has its own defense mechanism. For example, a cape buffalo has enormous strength to ward off attackers, and a gazelle has speed and stamina to outrun any predator.