Some examples of monocots are garlic, onions, corn, wheat, rice, asparagus, sugarcane, lilies, orchids and grass, while tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, cauliflower, broccoli, beans, peas, clovers, apples and pears are different kinds of dicots. Differences in seed structure, leaves, the stem and vascular system, roots, fruits, flower parts and germination differentiate monocots from dicots.
Monocots have one cotyledon, leaves with a parallel vein network, scattered vascular bundles, fibrous root systems, flowers with multiples of three petals, large and fleshy seeds and a single embryonic leaf when germination occurs.
Dicots possess two cotyledons, a branched vein network, rings of vascular bundles, a taproot system and flowers with multiples of four to five petals. The seeds of dicots come in many different shapes and sizes. When germination takes place, two embryonic leaves sprout.