Some examples of major animal phyla are: the Chordate, Arthropod, Mollusk, Annelid, Cnidarian and Echinoderm. Examples of major plant divisions include: the Anthocerotophyta, Magnoliophyta Coniferophyta, Pteridophyta, Bryophyta and Lycopodiophyta. Fairfax County Public Schools points out that, plants are classified into divisions instead of phyla.
According to Wikipedia, there are 35 animal phyla. A major phylum is Chordate, which means "with cord." These are the vertebrates. This phylum includes thousands of species of animals from fish, amphibians and reptiles to bird and mammals. The phylum is divided into the groups: Calcichordata, Urochordata, Cephalochordata and Craniata. The best-known species are part of the Craniata group, which means that the animal has a cranium or skull and a backbone.
Another major phylum is Arthropod. The term means "jointed foot," and the phylum is composed of animals with exoskeletons such as insects, crustaceans and arachnids. The Mollusk phylum is made up of animals with soft bodies enclosed within a shell, such as snails and octopuses. The Cnidarian phylum comprises organisms with soft bodies, such as jellyfish.
According to Wikipedia, there are 12 plant divisions, opposed to phyla, of which 10 are land plants. Two main groups are: Anthophyta and Coniferophyta. Anthophyta are flowering plants, such as flowers and fruit trees, which include a large number of plant species. Coniferophyta are cone-bearing plants, which include conifers and pine trees.