Examples of inorganic substances include all metals, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, chlorine, salt, minerals such as gypsum and generally all compounds that do not contain carbon-hydrogen bonds. By definition, an inorganic substance is a substance that does not contain carbon.Continue Reading
Inorganic substances are often compared with organic substances. Unlike inorganic substances, organic substances contain carbon bonds. If a substance is not organic, it is considered inorganic.
Both inorganic and organic substances have differing properties and uses. Inorganic substances in most cases have high melting points and particular high or low electrical conductivity properties, they do not burn, they are not and never were living, and they are not produced by growth. Inorganic substances are used in many applications and in various fields such as medicine. Often, they are used as coatings, catalysts, medicines, pigments and fuels.
While inorganic substances do not contain carbon, some compounds that contain carbon are traditionally deemed as inorganic such as carbonates, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. In inorganic chemistry, many living species are not intrinsically compounds, but ions such as proteins. Other types of ions that are essential for life include phosphate, chloride and sodium ions. Some inorganic molecules are also essential for life, such as water, oxygen and carbon dioxide.Learn more about Organic Chemistry
The chemical composition of saliva is 98 percent water and 2 percent other substances such as electrolytes or minerals (sodium and potassium), mucus (mucopolysaccharides and glycoproteins), antibacterial compounds (thiocyanate and hydrogen peroxide) and enzymes. Enzymes, such as amylase, aid in the breakdown of carbohydrates and fats.Full Answer >
Most inorganic compounds do not contain carbon; however, in those inorganic substances that do contain carbon, carbon-hydrogen bonds are absent. Organic compounds always contain carbon and almost all have carbon-hydrogen bonds, according to About.comFull Answer >
The main difference between organic and inorganic matter is organic compounds contain carbon and carbon-hydrogen bonds, while most inorganic compounds do not contain carbon. Organic compounds are produced by and are associated with living organisms. Inorganic compounds are created by non-living natural processes or human intervention.Full Answer >
Examples of organic compounds include lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and nucleic acids. An organic compound is any compound containing one or more atoms of carbon covalently bonded to other elements or atoms. In such cases, the carbon is normally bonded to hydrogen, nitrogen or oxygen.Full Answer >