What Are Some Examples of Gymnosperms and Angiosperms?

By Staff WriterLast Updated Mar 27, 2020 1:13:59 PM ET
MIKI Yoshihito/CC-BY 2.0

Examples of gymnosperms are fir trees, spruce trees, pine trees, cycads and ginkgo trees. Examples of angiosperms include oak trees, maples, birches, forsythias, daisies, lilies and lilac bushes.

Gymnosperm means "naked seed," although the seeds of these types of plants aren't found in fruit as they are in angiosperms. Most gymnosperm are trees, shrubs or climbers and can have broad leaves like cycads, or narrow and fine leaves like conifers. Most of them are evergreen. Larches and baldy cypress trees are two of the few conifers that are deciduous.

Cycads look like palm trees, but they're not. Palm trees are angiosperms, as they produce fruit and flowers. Cycads have male and female cones that grow on different trees.

Ginkgos are a very old species of tree. Individuals can also live to be quite old. Male ginkgos are planted as shade and ornamental trees because of the beauty of their fan-shaped leaves. Female trees are avoided because the seed has a foul odor.

Angiosperms are far more numerous than gymnosperms. Angiosperms evolved from gymnosperms and have been around for at least 202 million years. Their flowers are their reproductive organs. Some angiosperm flowers such as roses and gardenias are quite showy and fragrant.