Some examples of a gliding joint are the joints located in the wrists, ankles and spine. Gliding joints, also called plane joints, connect two bone plates that glide past or against each other to facilitate movement. A hand waving from side-to-side is one example of the use of gliding joints.
Joints require ligaments, synovial membranes and bursa to function properly. Ligaments are tissues that connect bones to other bones and ensure that joints stay in place. Synovial membranes form a layer of connective tissue around each joint. This connective tissue protects the joint and produces a fluid called synovia that keeps joints lubricated. The bursa is a small sac that surrounds joints. It acts as another layer of lubricant which allows muscles to move against other muscles and bones easily.