Notable fungi include yeast, also known as saccharomyces, penicillium chrysogenum, aspergillus oryzae and fusarium venenatum. Various fungi are used in foods and medicines, in contrast to fungi that serve as pests.Continue Reading
Yeast is a unicellular fungus that reproduces asexually. It can be used in bread and wheat based products or in the process of fermentation in the manufacture of alcoholic beverages. Aspergillus oryzae, also known as Shoyu koji mold, is used in brewing soy sauce and sake. Aspergillus oryzae is also used in the preparation of miso. Fusarium venenatum is used in the production of a meat substitute known as Quorn. Agaricus bisporus, button mushrooms, are commonly used as a pizza topping or salad ingredient. The tuber species of fungi are prized as an ingredient known as truffles. Many varieties of the tuber species are difficult to domesticate and are thus extremely valuable.
As opposed to fungi that are utilized in products to benefit humans, fungi can also cause problems in humans. Tinea corporis is the cause of dermatophytosis, also known as ringworm. Other fungi of the tinea genus cause similar conditions, such as athlete's foot and jock itch.
Fungi are unable to manufacture their own food through photosynthesis and are as heterotrophs. Many fungi are parasites which feed on other life forms in order to sustain themselves.Learn more about Biology
Some examples of fungi classified within the group Zygomycota are black bread mold and Rhizopus oligosporus, which is used to produce tempeh. Zygomycetes are a group of mostly microscopic fungi that differ from other fungi in that they reproduce using zygospores.Full Answer >
Good examples of biotic factors include plants, fungi and animals. Biotic factors are living things that affect or influence an ecosystem either positively or negatively.Full Answer >
Examples of saprophytic bacteria include cheese mold, lactic acid, yeast and rotting kitchen waste. Saprophytic bacteria are fungal organisms that feed off of decaying organic matter. The term "saprophyte" refers specifically to fungal and bacterial saprotrophs, but animal saprotrophs are known as saprozoites.Full Answer >
Yeasts are unicellular members of the fungi kingdom and include those commonly found in baking and brewer's yeast, which are of the species saccharomyces cerevisiae. A member of the fungi phylum ascomycota, S. cerevisiae is also known as a "true yeast" because it reproduces by budding. Yeasts are eukaryotic organisms that are unable to obtain their nutritional needs by photosynthesis and require a reduced form of carbon as a food source.Full Answer >