Flat bones in the human body include the ribs, sternum (breastbone), scapula (shoulder blade), pelvic girdle and many of the 29 bones that make up the skull. Flat bones act as protection for essential organs or as attachment points for major muscle groups.Continue Reading
The skull protects the brain, while the ribs and sternum protect vital internal organs like the heart, liver and lungs. The scapula and pelvic girdle act as larger attachment points for muscles.
The muscles attached to the two scapula bones control the rotation of the arms and shoulders. The scapula, together with the acromion bone, form the upper part of the shoulder socket.
The pelvic girdle consists of the three bones: the ilium, ischium and pubis. These bones support the muscles and movement of the trunk and those that allow leg and hip movements.Learn more about Bones
Examples of fixed joints include the joints between the bones in the skull and the joint where the radius and ulna bones meet in the lower arm. Fixed joints, also known as fibrous joints, are places where two bones come together in the body but are unable to move. This type of joint is held together by fibrous connective tissue rather than ligaments and tendons.Full Answer >
The scapula and the sternum are the two bones connected to the clavicle. The scapula is commonly referred to as the shoulder blade, while the sternum is better known as the breastbone. The clavicle is also called the collarbone.Full Answer >
The breastbone, also known as the sternum, is located at the front center of the chest. It is a flat bone that protects the heart and lungs from trauma. The sternum also connects to the first seven ribs of the ribcage, providing them with stability.Full Answer >
The different parts of the axial skeleton are the skull, the vertebral column, the rib cage and sternum, according to Anatomy Expert. This is in contrast to the appendicular skeleton, which is composed of the pelvis, limbs and pectoral girdle.Full Answer >