A convergent plate boundary occurs when a collision of tectonic plates causes one plate to slide over the top of another. There are three examples of convergent plate boundaries that occur as the result of continental and oceanic plate convergence:Continue Reading
Continental vs. Oceanic Convergence When a continental plate and oceanic plate collide, the more buoyant continental plate slides atop the oceanic plate, creating a subduction zone that features deep ocean trenches and volcanic mountains.
Oceanic vs. Continental Convergence When two oceanic plates collide, whichever plate is older (and thus denser) will be covered by the other, newer plate. These collisions result in the creation of volcanic mountains that can surface above the ocean as small island chains.
Continental vs. Continental Convergence When two continental plates collide, neither can "sink", because buoyancy is not a factor. Instead the pieces are crammed together, creating large mountains, such as the Himalayans.Learn more about Plate Tectonics
Tectonic processes create new sediments as plates collide, move sediment as one plate slips past or overrides another, and ultimately transform sediment by accumulation or volcanic activity. Ocean sediments transfigure based on their location after they interact with tectonic plates.Full Answer >
When two tectonic plates pull apart from one another, they form a divergent plate boundary. In addition to divergent boundaries, there are two other common types of boundaries: convergent boundaries and transform boundaries, also known as strike-slip boundaries.Full Answer >
The most active plate boundary is in the Pacific Ocean basin. Several tectonic plates collide in this area, which is known as the Ring of Fire due to the high number of volcanoes, earthquakes, deep sea trenches and other seismic activities occurring on its rim.Full Answer >
The San Andreas Fault exemplifies a transform fault plate boundary. Transform fault boundaries consist of two plates sliding against each other in a horizontal motion.Full Answer >