Centrifugal force is a term used to describe an imaginary concept that states that during circular motion people and objects are pulled outward from the center, which in fact is caused entirely by inertia. Examples of this inertial phenomenon include cargo swaying when a truck takes a turn and mud flying from a spinning wheel.
Centrifugal force most often occurs when a surface's friction is insufficient to cause objects situated on it to move in tandem curvature with its own curved movement. The items still possess inertia, so instead they may slide or fly in straight lines. This is observed in many everyday situations.
Actions often attributed to centrifugal force:
- The motion of cargo in a moving vehicle
- The feeling of compression experienced by passengers on spinning wheel fair rides
- Water cascading over a water wheel
Movement along a curved path causes unattached objects to move toward the outside of the curve. While this is attributable in its entirety to inertia, it is typically categorized separately in conversation along with centripetal force and other commonly used but unsubstantiated concepts in physics.
Inertia causes objects to move out of sync with their methods of conveyance because they retain their own inertia during a turn. Their unequal levels of friction cause differing reactions.