Examples of acids include vinegar, citrus fruits, tomato juice, black coffee, bananas, milk, sulfuric acid, battery acid and hydrochloric acid, which is a digestive compound found in the stomach. Acids are ionic compounds made up of positively and negatively charged ions that separate in water to form hydrogen ions.Continue Reading
The concentration of hydrogen ions in an acidic solution determines its strength. The more hydrogen ions present, the stronger the acid. Acids have some similar characteristics and behaviors. They typically taste sour, and strong acids are highly reactive with metals.
The strength of an acid, or its level of acidity, is measured by using the pH scale. This is a method used to determine the concentration of hydrogen atoms relative to pure water. The scale ranges from 0 to 14, and each number represents a ten-fold change in hydrogen ion concentration. Pure water has a pH of 7, meaning it is neither acidic or basic. Any substance that has a pH below 7 is considered an acid. A basic substance is one that absorbs hydrogen ions instead of losing them like acids. When a base is dissolved in water, it is called an alkaline solution. Any substance with a pH measurement above 7 is considered a base.Learn more about Chemistry
Some acids that react with metals are sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid and nitric acid. The most common metals that react with acids are iron, lead, magnesium and zinc.Full Answer >
A list of strong acids includes hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, hydrobromic acid, hydroiodic acid, chloric acid and perchloric acid. When added to a solution, a strong acid ionizes completely and loses one proton. Ionization is the process by which a compound separates into its component ions.Full Answer >
Common commercial examples of concentrated solutions are hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid. Hand soap, soft drinks and liquid medicine are concentrated solutions commonly found in the household.Full Answer >
There are many different non-metallic elements that can join together in a polar covalent bond, forming such compounds as water, carbon dioxide and hydrochloric acid. Other types of compounds that contain polar covalent bonds include amines and peptides.Full Answer >