Q:

What is an example of a solute?

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Quick Answer

A solute is a substance that can be dissolved in a fluid. One common example of a solute is ordinary table salt, or NaCl. Salt dissolves readily in water, which acts as the solvent.

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What is an example of a solute?
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Water is sometimes called the universal solvent. But not all solutes are compatible with all solvents, and water can only dissolve polar solutes. For example, water, which is polar, doesn't mix with oil, which is nonpolar. Salt is ionic, which means it is extremely polar and dissolves rapidly in water, alcohol and other polar solvents. Salt does not, however, dissolve in oil or chloroform, which are both nonpolar.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are some common types of solutes?

    A:

    A solute is a substance which is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution; a common example is sugar. Sugar added to water, which is the solvent in this case, dissolves into sugar water.

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  • Q:

    How do solutions form?

    A:

    Solutions are formed when a solute is dissolved in a solvent. The type of chemicals and compounds that act as the solute and solvent can vary greatly. As long as the mixture is homogeneous, it can be classified as a solution.

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  • Q:

    What makes things dissolve?

    A:

    Solutions are formed when the energy of interaction between a solute and a solvent is greater than the total of solute-solute and solvent-solvent interactions. A solvent dissolves the solute. This holds true when the solute and solvent have similar properties.

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  • Q:

    What is the difference between normality and molarity?

    A:

    Molarity is the number of moles of solute per liter of solution, while normality is the measure of concentration qual to the gram equivalent weight per liter of solution. Normality and molarity are both measures of concentration in chemical solutions.

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