An example of a raised flat area is a plateau. A plateau is a large flat region of land higher than the other areas of land surrounding it.Continue Reading
Plateaus are also called tablelands. They can be formed by numerous natural processes, including the extrusion of lava, erosion caused by glaciers and water, and flowing volcanic magma.
Plateau is derived from the Middle French word platter, meaning flat. Its first known use was in 1796.
The world's highest and largest plateau is the Tibetan Plateau, also called "the roof of the world." It covers approximately 970,000 square miles and is about 16,000 feet above sea level.Learn more about Landforms
The Canadian Shield is a plateau that covers approximately half of Canada, as well as most of Greenland and a portion of the northern United States. It is the oldest part of the North American plate and the largest formation of exposed Precambrian rock in the world.Full Answer >
Canyons are formed by wind and water erosion over a long period of time after a large hill, mountain or plateau is formed. The original land mass is formed by tectonic plates colliding and causing tectonic uplift, and the weakest of material is worn down over time to create a deep, narrow ravine called a canyon.Full Answer >
When a volcano surfaces just above sea level, erosion from waves can create a plateau called a guyot, that eventually sinks below sea level. Guyots sinks as a result of both erosion and the tectonic plates that the ocean floor rests on slowly moving apart.Full Answer >
One example of the mountains and basins landforms found in the United States is located in central Idaho. The landscape of the region is formed by a combination of broad basins, uplands and breaklands. The elevation found in the central Idaho mountains and basins ranges between 1,600 and 8,200 feet.Full Answer >