One example of a mineral composed of a single element is gold. Other single-element minerals include silver, diamonds, and copper.Know More
Gold has an atomic number of 79 and an atomic weight of 196.97. It is classified as a metal, and its chemical symbol, Au, comes from the Latin word for gold — aurum.
Of all metals, gold is the most ductile and malleable. It is usually combined with other metals such as silver to increase its strength. Gold alloys are used to make objects including jewelry or coins. Because gold is a good conductor of electricity and heat, it is often used to make electrical connectors.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
While many scientists tried to turn lead into gold, one of the most famous was Sir Isaac Newton. Other famous alchemists include Robert Boyle, Roger Bacon, Maria the Jewess and Zosimos.Full Answer >
Gold is a naturally occurring mineral, which means it wasn't invented. It was discovered. There is evidence of the utilization of gold dating back to the Copper Age (approximately 4000 BC).Full Answer >
Talcum powder is made from a mineral called talc, which is composed of magnesium, silicon and oxygen. In its natural form, talc contains asbestos, which is carefully removed from consumer products.Full Answer >
Sugar is not a mineral because it comes from a plant source. In order to be considered a mineral, a substance must be naturally occurring, solid and inorganic.Full Answer >