An example of human-environmental interaction in Brazil is the deforestation of the Atlantic forest. Dramatic logging practices have reduced the once expansive Atlantic forest to 7 percent of its original size, and conservationists and scientists are now working to restore the lost forest and sway public opinion to encourage conservation.
With the arrival of the Portuguese in 1500, the Atlantic forest began to be quickly eliminated. Huge portions of the forest were chopped down, destroying large portions of habitat for a variety of the local wildlife. Some trees were logged simply for the use of their wood. In other places, deforestation occurred to make way for large cities and farmland. Farmland and ranches occupy a huge amount of former forest area, allowing farmers to grow important crops such as sugarcane and coffee.
Some groups are working to restore the Atlantic forest in Brazil and protect the native species at risk because of the rampant deforestation. One such project is the creation of corridors of cultivated forest that would connect the remaining patches of the original Atlantic forest. Conservationists hope that by creating these types of corridors they will expand the range of endangered animals that are facing extinction because of the destruction of their natural habitat.