One example of cell specialization is the role of the white blood cell in immune function. Cell specialization occurs when a cell contains certain organelles or structures that allow it to perform a specific set of functions in an organism.Continue Reading
Other types of cells that have specialized functions include nerve cells and fat cells. The function of nerve cells is to transport information to and from the brain and spinal cord in relation to sensory and other experiences related to the central nervous system. Nerve cells may also be referred to as neurons. Fat cells assist in cushioning the body and serve as a reservoir for energy.
When several specialized cells are grouped together for a specific function, they make up tissues. Those tissues are further synthesized to form organs. Specialized cells have unique structures to assist them in their functions. However, all cells have some organelles that are common to the function of a living cell.
Specialized cells provide an advantage to the organism. They allow a division of labor of activities within the body. Because some cells are able to perform some functions, there is an increased efficiency in metabolism and other activities necessary for the organism to survive.Learn more about Cells
Egg cells have adaptations in formation, structure and genetic makeup that enable them to function. Egg cells have similar genetic composition to sperm, but their physical structure and initial formation are unique.Full Answer >
Cells function similarly to factories in that both take up raw materials and use energy to produce waste and finished products. In the case of the cell, the finished products are proteins that can be used in building and operating the body.Full Answer >
Cytoplasm's main function within a cell is to act as the medium of suspension for its internal structures. These internal structures are called organelles and perform important functions like cellular respiration. The organelles themselves are not naturally buoyant, so protein filaments aid in keeping them afloat throughout the cell.Full Answer >
An organelle is a unique part of a cell that has a specific function. The term is a combination of the word "organum," which means instrument or engine, and the suffix "-elle," which means small.Full Answer >