Also known as bromoethane, ethyl bromide is a volatile chemical compound belonging to the haloalkanes group. It is represented with a chemical formula C2H5Br, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Ethyl bromide is a colorless liquid with an ether-like odor.
This compound is used in organic synthesis and as a refrigerant. Bromoethane is used in gasoline as an agent of antiknock fluids as well as in organic synthesis when introducing the ethyl group. It has poor solubility in water. Ethyl bromide is believed to come from ethyl alcohol after some reactions. When inhaled, ethyl bromide irritates the respiratory system, eyes, liver and skin and also can cause kidney disease, cardiac arrest and pulmonary edema.