Environmental degradation refers to anything that compromises or causes an end to a natural process including climate, land, water, natural habitats and wildlife. In some instances, environmental degradation may also be used to mean a damaging of nature by human beings or other natural disasters.
There are many examples of activities that may cause environmental degradation and their effect on life.
Some of the things that can be polluted include water, air and land. When polluted, these natural resources may not be able to give optimum yield and may even become dangerous to life. If, for example, oil spills into the ocean, many marine animals are likely to die.
The ozone layer protects living things on Earth from coming into direct contact with ultraviolet rays from the sun. The lessening of the ozone layer may have adverse effects. Manmade industries and some natural disasters can cause damage to the ozone layer and thus pose a threat to life on Earth.
As human beings clear forests to build industries and settlements, they end up causing an upset in nature. This means the carbon cycle is compromised and the weather patterns of certain regions are likely to change.