An environmental management plan is a plan that indicates the details of environmental protection measures during and after the commissioning of development projects. Project planners divide the plan into conceptualization, planning, execution and operation sections.
The conceptualization section of the plan covers the preliminary environmental assessment. The planning stage details the findings of the environmental assessment and outlines prescribed safeguards and measures. The execution section details the actual implementation phases of the prescribed measures, while the operation section deals with monitoring the plan?s progress and effectiveness.
Some of the areas the environmental management plan covers include liquid effluents, air pollution and solid wastes.
Liquid effluent requires treatment according to the standards prescribed by the relevant authority to prevent contamination of waterways. Stringent measures should also be put in place to prevent ground water contamination.
To prevent or restrict air pollution, fugitive emissions need containing through a series of in-plant control measures. The facilities should have ways to measure and monitor the ambient air quality of the surrounding area.
Lastly, solid wastes need disposal according to the standards set by the relevant authority. Bedrock permeability needs assessment prior to waste disposal to prevent contamination of ground water and surrounding water sources.