Some desert-dwelling animals considered endangered and at risk of becoming extinct by the International Union for Conservation of Nature include the dama gazelle, the addax and the Northwest African cheetah, all of which live in Africa's Sahara desert. Also endangered is the Przewalski's horse, found in Central Asian deserts.
A member of the antelope family and the largest of all gazelle species, the dama gazelle is listed as critically endangered by the IUCN because only a few hundred individuals remain in isolated groups in countries like Niger, Chad and Mali. The IUCN also lists the addax, another antelope species found in the Saharan desert, critically endangered. Also endangered is the Northwest African cheetah, a subspecies of cheetah also known as the Saharan cheetah. Hunting, droughts and other factors have contributed to the decline of all three species.
The Przewalski's horse is that last remaining subspecies of wild horse in the world. Wildlife experts considered the Przewalski's horse extinct in the wild as recently as 2008, but special programs that successfully reintroduced the horse into parts of Mongolia and China raised the species’ numbers, with its status now listed as critically endangered. Zoos around the world are home to more than 1,000 Przewalski's horses.