Also known as sucrose, sugar is made up of 22 hydrogen atoms, 11 oxygen atoms and 12 carbon atoms in each molecule. Sucrose is made up of two simple sugars, fructose and glucose. Sugar is a carbohydrate that has 45 atoms.Continue Reading
Under a microscope, a molecule of sugar looks like a cube. When cooking, acid is added to the sugar to break the cube apart. The acid breaks the sucrose down into fructose and glucose.
Sugar exists in most plants. However, it is harvested primarily from sugarcane. Sugarcane is harvested all around the world with Brazil as the world's largest producer of sugar.Learn more about Chemical Equations
The process of oxidation of an alcohol to aldehyde requires an oxidizing agent that removes two hydrogen atoms from the molecule and concludes when the carbon and oxygen atoms form a double bond. Only primary alcohols, alcohol molecules with the -OH group at one end of the carbon chain, can form aldehydes. Secondary and tertiary alcohol molecules form ketones when oxidized.Full Answer >
A glycol molecule is made of two hydroxy (OH) groups and carbon atoms of varying sizes and structures. It belongs to an alcohol family of organic compounds. The most basic of glycol compounds is ethylene glycol. Ethylene glycol, which has the molecular formula HOCH2CH2OH, is also known as a 1,2-ethanediol.Full Answer >
Nitrogen is one of the base elements found on the periodic table and is designated by the chemical symbol N. In nature, two N atoms are generally found paired up to form an N2 molecule, which exists as a colorless, odorless and tasteless gas, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica.Full Answer >
A molecule is a group of two or more atoms bonded together, while a compound is a group of two or more atoms bonded together where the atoms are from at least two types of elements. All compounds are also molecules, but all molecules are not compounds.Full Answer >