Where Is El Nino Located?


Quick Answer

El Niño is located along the equator in the Pacific Ocean. This phenomenon is characterized by abnormally warm ocean surface temperatures that cause significant changes in weather patterns around the world.

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Full Answer

El Niño takes place approximately every three to seven years. Under normal circumstances, the trade winds blow from east to west, and the warm Pacific water accumulates around the Asian Pacific Islands. This allows the deeper and colder water to rise to the surface, replenishing nutrients for the ecosystem. However, when El Niño occurs, the trade winds are thrown off balance, and the warm waters remain on the surface along the equatorial Pacific, causing the ocean to heat up at least a few degrees above average. This prevents the nutrient-rich water from rising to the surface and also creates abnormal weather patterns around the world.

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