What Are the Eight Biomes Found on Earth?

The eight biomes found on Earth are the tundra, taiga, temperate deciduous forest, scrub forest or chaparral, grassland, desert, tropical rain forest and temperate rain forest. Biomes, also referred to as ecosystems, are affected by living and nonliving factors.

The eight biomes on Earth have distinct climate characteristics that affect the vegetation. The tundra is marked by a cold climate and layers of permafrost. Taiga biomes have conifers as its dominant plant life. The temperate deciduous forest contains hardwood trees that lose their leaves. A scrub forest is marked by dry summers and wet winters.

Grasslands receive rainfall amounts perfect for the growth of grasses and herbs. The desert gets less than 10 inches of rainfall a year and is home to plants that can conserve water. The tropical rain forest receives high amounts of rainfall conducive to the growth of evergreen trees. Temperate rain forests have a high amount of rainfall and moderate climate.