Volcanoes have several effects on plants, animals and people and can negatively impact civilization because homes, fields, roads and buildings get damaged with ash and other debris. The ash can become so heavy that homes collapse. Volcano ash positively impacts human life by leaving the soil rich in nutrients. The gases released from the volcano can cause respiratory issues in those unable to evacuate from the region.Continue Reading
Although volcanoes produce large amount of toxic gases, most of the gas is diluted into the atmosphere unless the ash is thick. A volcano eruption destroys plant life surrounding the volcano. Even though the soil is left fertile, it can take several years for the foliage to return.
Pyroclastic flows (hot gas and ash mixtures), lava flows, tephra falls and atmospheric congestion can kill animals, especially livestock. Wildlife can die because of famine and forest fires that are related to the eruption. Volcanoes influence aquatic life by raising the acidity within the system. Fish may die from a rise in temperature or a loss in food supply. Volcano eruptions affect birds by interfering with migration patterns, roosting areas and the ability to fly. The ash is so heavy that it hinders a bird's ability to fly efficiently.Learn more about Volcanoes
Mount St. Helens is a cinder cone volcano that formed through the gradual accumulation of cinders and ash at the base of the mountain. Unlike a shield volcano, such as Mauna Loa in Hawaii, cinder cones can rise sharply from the surrounding terrain and maintain a steep, angular profile throughout their existence.Full Answer >
When a volcano erupts, it typically affects the humans in the vicinity by covering their environment with ash and sometimes with lava, according to Oregon State University. In addition, some volcanoes produce pyroclastic flows that are deadly to anyone in their path.Full Answer >
Pyroclastic material is the mixture of hot rock, ash and lava fragments that are thrown from the vent of a volcano during an eruption. Pyroclastic material typically moves away from the vent at a rapid rate of speed carried along by hot gases.Full Answer >
According to the UCSB Geology Department, a volcanic eruption is defined as a volcanic event resulting in the emission of gases, lava, ash or other material from a volcano. These can manifest as a single eruptive pulse, an eruptive phase or an eruptive episode.Full Answer >