Poaching may create negative side effects to human and animal habitats, the environment and communities. Furthermore, poaching may contribute to regional and even national and international political and legal instability and can increase the numbers of threatened and endangered species worldwide.
Quite often, poaching arises in areas dominated by economic instability. Rare plants and animals, including elephants and many exotic birds, fetch high prices on illegal markets. However, removing them from their habitats causes environmental disruption, as their delicate ecosystems are thrown into imbalance. Additionally, poaching threatens other economic opportunities in local communities, such as tourism, by making areas appear unsafe.