The effects of ocean pollution include an interruption in the reproductive cycle of animals; injury, illness and death in marine life; disruption of photosynthesis and illnesses in humans. The ocean's adaptation methods, such as its mechanism to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, are insufficient to meet the present demands.
Oil spills and litter get into the gills and feathers of marine animals, making it nearly impossible for them to feed their children, fly or move properly. Such pollution leads to cancer, behavioral changes, failure in animal reproductive abilities and death. To break down materials, the ocean uses oxygen, which in turn reduces the likelihood of survival for marine animals. Chemicals from pollution reside in the animal's fatty tissue, thereby impacting their ability to reproduce.