Corrosion leads to the degradation and weakening of the affected material. It is caused by materials reacting with the surrounding elements, such as oxygen or water.
Certain materials, such as iron, are susceptible to corrosion. When iron comes into contact with oxygen and water, they break down the surface of the metal through oxidation and cause the material to weaken and rust. This compromises the material's strength.
Corrosion of medical prosthetic implants, such as pacemakers, hip joints and plates, can lead to serious health problems. Corrosion can destroy historical artifacts that are exposed to the elements and cause problems with technology that is used in highly corrosive environments.