Plants are generally unaffected by light winds, but high winds can stunt plant growth. This problem can be avoided by frequent watering, using good fertilizer to encourage healthy roots and creating wind breaks.
Too much high wind dehydrates plants and interferes with transpiration and photosynthesis, stunting growth and sometimes killing parts of the plants. Strong winds across poor soil can even partly uproot new or shallow-rooted plants, leading to worse stunting. Sustainable Landscaping recommends building berms or planting taller, strong-rooted bushes and trees as a windbreak for more delicate plants. In addition, loose, well-drained fertile soil watered frequently encourages strong roots, helping plants to grow healthy and strong in spite of the wind.