Astronomers need a very advanced education, including an undergraduate degree in a physical science or mathematics and a master’s degree in an astronomy-related field. Most working astronomers have a doctorate in their specialty as well. However, most hopeful astronomers get the chance to work in the field while attaining their advanced education.Continue Reading
Many astronomers attain their education at universities and colleges that are well known for their astronomy and physics departments. For example, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge University and Stanford University have prestigious astronomy programs draw a number of students each year.
In addition to becoming educated on subjects such as astronomy, physics and mathematics, hopeful astronomers must learn about the scientific process. It is also important for astronomers to be comfortable with the type of technology used in modern observatories and laboratories. Astronomy and the related sciences change quickly, so it is imperative for astronomers to read current scientific journals to keep their knowledge set up to date.
Besides an education centered around science, astronomers must also have a command of the English language so that they can write about their discoveries. A knowledge of the history of science and culture also helps astronomers understand the impacts of their work.Learn more about Astronomy
Galileo Galilei was an astronomer who made a number of vital contributions to scientific advancement during his lifetime, but he is most famous for his advocacy of the heliocentric model of the solar system. The Catholic Church forced him to recant his belief and imprisoned him for life.Full Answer >
Giovanni Schiaparelli was an Italian astronomer and science historian. He was born in 1835 in the Italian city of Savigliano and died in 1910 in Milan, Italy.Full Answer >
Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer of the 15th and 16th centuries. Copernicus is known for developing the sun-centered, or heliocentric, model of the solar system during a time when the earth-centered, or geocentric, model was prevalent and propagated by the Catholic Church.Full Answer >
Astronomers use physics, chemistry and mathematics to study the makeup of the universe. They discover facts about other astrophysical objects using telescopes on Earth and in space, radio, computers and the geology of Earth. Astronomers also use digital cameras and charge-couple devices in order to convert the data captured by telescopes into electrical signals for further study on computers.Full Answer >