Black-footed ferrets, coyotes, badgers, foxes, bobcats, weasels, falcons, hawks and eagles eat young and mature prairie dogs. Bullsnakes and rattlesnakes prey upon young prairie dogs.
Prairie dogs are social animals that live together in huge groups called towns. A prairie dog town, comprising a complicated network of holes and tunnels, can stretch as far as 10,000 feet across. It can contain hundreds or even thousands of these small animals. Consequently, a prairie dog town can support many predators.
A prairie dog town helps shape the area's habitat, supporting up to 150 species, including predators. The animals' holes and tunnels help aerate the ground, benefiting a large number of plants that are consumed by many creatures. Some of these creatures even make their homes in the prairie dogs' burrows.