Individuals can identify a mushroom by observing its external features and subjecting it to a series of tests by human sensory organs. Different kinds of mushrooms possess distinct smells that can help with their identification. Their texture and taste in the mouth also play an important role in identifying them.
Determining the color of a mushroom's spores helps in identifying the fungus. This is because mushroom spores come in different colors. Even though spores are microscopic, a person can always identify their color by making a spore print. To make the print, an individual can place the grown mushroom, gills facing down, on a white piece of paper. He should cover and leave it for a couple of hours until it leaves a delicate spore print.
The presence of a cup, a ring or warts is also telling. A mushroom that has those features is likely to be an Amanita. The shape of the cap and how the gills attach to it is another important consideration. Mushroom caps come in different shapes and the gills similarly attach to it in several ways depending on the fungus.
Lastly, the mushroom color and stem are generous in detail to help in identification. Stems are shaped in different ways and also attach to the cap distinctively. In some cases, there is no stem or cap altogether.