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What is distillation used for?

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Quick Answer

Distillation is a simple process that is used to separate pure liquids from liquid mixtures. Because distillation relies on boiling away liquid substances, only mixtures with substances with distinctively different boiling points can be effectively separated.

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Full Answer

The simplest form of distillation is to separate a liquid mixture of two substances. The mixture is heated to the boiling point of one of the substance with the lowest point. That substance will then vaporize, which can be funneled through a tube and collected again after condensing. Eventually, both of the substances will have their own container. In some cases, distillation can achieve a very high level of purity.

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Related Questions

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    What is a chemical method of separation?

    A:

    Extraction, distillation, recrystallization and chromatography are different chemical methods of separation. Extraction is useful for separating compounds with different polarities, and distillation is commonly used to purify liquids. Recrystallization is used to purify solids, and chromatography is used to separate compounds and mixtures.

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  • Q:

    What is simple distillation?

    A:

    Simple distillation refers to the technique of purifying an organic liquid compound by precipitating and collecting the hot vapors coming off the boiling liquid. This method can also be used in identifying a substance by determining its boiling point.

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    What are types of chromatography?

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    Types of chromatography are different methods of separating mixtures under laboratory conditions. There are about a dozen types of chromatography, but five are used most frequently: adsorption chromatography, partition chromatography, ion exchange chromatography, molecular exclusion chromatography and affinity chromatography.

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    What is chromatography used for?

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    Chromatography is used in many different disciplines of science to separate mixtures by flowing it over or through a material referred to as a stationary phase. The mixture that is to be separated has to be dissolved in a mobile phase liquid before it can be passed through the other material.

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