The cytoplasm was discovered in 1835 by three biologists, George E Palade, Albert Claude and Christian de Duve. It was Robert Hooke who discovered the cell in 1831 and laid down the fundamentals for the study of the cell.
The cytoplasm is a dense, jelly-like substance found in every cell. The function of the cytoplasm is to provide structure and form to the cell. It allows nutrients to flow in and out of the cell. The cytoplasm allows the various cell organelles, such as the mitochondria and the ribosomes, to anchor in the cell.
The nucleus lies in the center of the cytoplasm and plays a very important role during cell division.