Some of the disadvantages of artificial insemination in humans include the risk of multiple pregnancies, post-procedure infections and vaginal bleeding, according to Mayo Clinic. In addition, there's no guarantee of the procedure working.
Humans who undergo artificial insemination may experience infection, Mayo Clinic states. However, there's a less than 1-percent risk of this happening. As the procedure involves using a catheter, some women experience vaginal bleeding. While this is worrying, it doesn't affect the chances of patients getting pregnant. Women who use artificial insemination alongside other fertility treatments, such as IVF, are at risk of multiple pregnancies.
Some couples experience practical difficulties when using artificial insemination, WebMD states. As it doesn't work for everyone, some people go through multiple cycles. Whether they find success or not, this can make the procedure expensive. Prices and the treatments vary between clinics, which means couples choosing artificial insemination should consider their options carefully before selecting a clinic.
Artificial insemination is a procedure that makes it easier for sperm to reach eggs, according to WebMD. As part of the process, a clinician inserts sperm into the uterus or fallopian tubes. Some couples undergo it without the assistance of hormones, while others require hormone therapy.