The spreading seafloor of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge serves to push the Eurasian Plate east in relation to the neighboring North American Plate it borders. Continents and landmasses rest atop 14 massive tectonic plates that shift and move in various directions.
Volcanic activity has created the process known as seafloor spreading, which is occurring in the North Atlantic Ocean. This process is causing the Eurasian plate to move at the rate of 2.5 centimeters per year. According to Caltech, the direction the Eurasian Plate is drifting is eastward relative to the North American Plate that rests across the border of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.