What Are the Different Types of Forest Ecosystems?

The different types of forest ecosystems include tropical evergreen, tropical deciduous, temperate evergreen, temperate deciduous and taiga forests. Each type is characterized by an abundance of flora and fauna that foster a variety of living organisms.

The different types of forest ecosystems can be broken down into categories based on the types of trees and other flora that grow within them.

  • Tropical evergreen forest: Tropical forests that are characterized by high annual rainfall rates and dense vegetation, including tall trees at differing heights for sheltering different types of animals.
  • Tropical deciduous forest: Characterized by a broad variety of shrubs, dense bushes, and different types of trees.
  • Temperate evergreen forest: Characterized by few trees but many mosses and ferns to make up for the lack of trees.
  • Temperate deciduous forest: Located in places with high annual rainfall; trees are characterized by their yearly cycles of leaf-shedding during the winter months.
  • Taiga: These forests are situated below the arctic regions and are characterized by the presence of evergreen conifers and are home to migratory birds and insects for half the year.