There are many differences between plant and animal cells, but one of the most obvious differences is that plant cells have a cell wall. Animal cells do not have a cell wall.Continue Reading
Cell walls give plant cells their shape and help regulate intercellular communication. The cell wall also allows water, oxygen and carbon dioxide to enter and exit plant cells. Plants use carbon dioxide and water to produce sugar during the process of photosynthesis.
Another important difference between plant and animal cells is the presence of chloroplasts in plant cells. Chloroplasts contain a pigment that absorbs the energy generated by the sun. Plants use this energy to power photosynthesis. Photosynthesis does not occur in animals, so there is no need for chloroplasts in animal cells.
Lysosomes are common in animal cells, but they are not usually found in plant cells. The lyososomes found in animal cells digest old cell parts and break down large food molecules.Learn more about Cells
Human epithelial cells, which are animal cells, and elodea cells, which are plant cells, share many structures because both are eukaryotic cells, or cells with a membrane-bound nucleus. Common structures in animal and plant cells include the nucleus, cytoplasm, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, microtubules/microfilaments and in some organisms flagella.Full Answer >
The main difference between plant and human cells is that plant cells have a cell wall as well as a cell membrane and that some plant cells have chlorophyll. Another difference is that while there are several types of cells in the human body, there are only three types of plant cells. Rather than being classified according to tissue type, plant cells are classified according to their cell walls.Full Answer >
Cytokinesis differs in plants and animals because unlike animal cells, plant cells have a cell wall that needs to be split up. Mitosis and cytokinesis are not the same thing; mitosis is the division of the components of the nucleus, whereas cytokinesis is the division of the cytoplasm and its constituents.Full Answer >
Plant cells differ from animal cells in their possession of chloroplasts, a cell wall, a large central vacuole and their relative lack of an internal cytoskeleton. Plant cells gain their form and rigidity from the pressure of their large, water-filled vacuoles against their tough cellulose cell walls. Animal cells must rely on protein-based skeletal structures within the cell to maintain their shape.Full Answer >