The distinction between the two terms is primarily that organic compounds contain carbon, while almost all inorganic compounds do not. There are, however, some inorganic compounds that still contain carbon, such as carbon dioxide. Almost all organic compounds contain carbon-hydrogen bonds, and, as of 2014, some scientists have recommended that this requirement be included in the definition of organic compounds.Continue Reading
Sciences360 explains that this distinction is not a formal scientific classification but rather just a useful categorization of carbon-based compounds. Molecules that make up the parts of living things, the building blocks of life, such as proteins, fats, sugars and enzymes, are considered organic molecules. These complex organic compounds are based on carbon because it has the unique ability among the elements to form up to four different covalent bonds per atom and essentially bond with other carbon atoms indefinitely. This property allows it to form compounds with an almost limitless variety in structure.
Another distinction is that, when compared with organic compounds, inorganic molecules are often far simpler in their composition. Table salt, for example, is an inorganic compound made up of one sodium and one chlorine atom, while one of the most complex organic molecules is human DNA, a compound that can be thousands of atoms long.Learn more about Organic Chemistry
All organic compounds contain long chains of carbon atoms. Generally, organic chemistry involves carbon-based molecules, while inorganic chemistry is the study of non-carbon containing molecules. However, not all compounds containing carbon are organic.Full Answer >
All organic compounds contain carbon. Carbon is so important to the structure of organic molecules that organic chemistry has been called the study of carbon and its compounds. Other elements are readily incorporated into organic molecules, though the determining feature of an organic molecule is the presence or absence of carbon atoms.Full Answer >
Inorganic compounds are those that lack long carbon chains at their core. While some inorganic compounds contain carbon, they do not contain carbon that is bonded to hydrogen. Inorganic compounds include substances such as salt, carbon dioxide and water.Full Answer >
An enzyme is in the class of organic compounds or molecules known as proteins or polypeptides. Enzymes play a role in reactions at the cellular level.Full Answer >