What is the difference between nuclear DNA and mitochondrial DNA?


Quick Answer

Mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is found in the mitochondria of a eukaryotic cell; it is composed of 37 genes that are necessary for the mitochondria's function. Nuclear DNA, on the other hand, is found in the nucleus of a cell and is composed of 46 chromosomes that contain hereditary genetic information.

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Full Answer

DNA is composed of the nucleotides adenine, thymine, guanine and cytosine, and it is found in the cells of eukaryotic organisms. A sequence of six nucleotides form a gene that is then able to synthesize a specific protein. Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA are present in an organism and work together to synthesize proteins vital to life and provide the cell with energy.

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