The difference between a lizard and a salamander is that a lizard is a reptile and a salamander is an amphibian. Reptiles live solely on land, while amphibians spend part of their time in the water. Hence amphibians need to be near a source of water while reptiles don't.Continue Reading
The skin of a salamander is soft, permeable and lacks scales. Like other amphibians, salamanders secrete mucous over their skin to help it retain moisture. Some salamanders have potent toxins in their skin. They lay their shell-less eggs in jelly-like masses either in still water or in a moist place like leaf mold. The eggs hatch into larvae who live in the water and breathe through gills. As they grow, their lungs develop and they are able to leave the water and breathe air. Some salamanders, however, retain their gills even in adulthood.
Lizards have scaly skin that helps them keep in water. They don't need to live near ponds, lakes or streams, and many species of lizards live in deserts. Their eggs are amniotic and are protected by shells that are hard or leathery. When the eggs hatch, the young are miniatures of their parents and don't undergo metamorphosis. Lizard toes are clawed, which is not true for salamanders.Learn more about Zoology
The Japanese giant salamander is a large species of amphibian native to the Japanese islands of Kyushu and Honshu. The salamander is true to its name, growing to an adult length of 5 feet and weighing up to 55 pounds.Full Answer >
A wild pet salamander should always be kept in a cage, fed adequately, handled infrequently, kept under very little light and in moderate temperatures. Salamanders may often be mistaken for lizards since they closely resemble each other in appearance.Full Answer >
Some of the most endangered animals in the world are the ivory-billed woodpecker, the western lowland gorilla, the leatherback sea turtle, the tiger and the Chinese giant salamander. Other endangered animals include the little dodo bird, the Amur leopard and the Javan rhinoceros.Full Answer >
Care for a salamander by providing a secure aquarium or large plastic container with damp substrate, a clean water source, hiding places, and healthy food such as earthworms, insects or frozen bloodworms. Salamanders do not require a heated tank like reptiles do, but they may require cooling. Their habit should remain under 72 degrees Fahrenheit for optimal health.Full Answer >