Endoplasm and ectoplasm are names for the inner and outer portions of an amoeba’s cytoplasm. Ectoplasm is the clear outer cytoplasmic layer of an amoeba. Endoplasm, on the other hand, is the inner granule-rich cytoplasm of the amoeba.Know More
An amoeba is a single cell microorganism made up of a nucleus and cytoplasm. Its ectoplasm is a clear gel, while the endoplasm is more fluid or watery and houses the majority of the cell’s granules and minute structures. The endoplasm makes up the bulk of the cell.
Endoplasm helps the amoeba with locomotion or movement. Since amoeba move by flowing its cytoplasm over surfaces, flowing the endoplasm in different directions moves the cell along. The ectoplasm steers the direction of the cell by extending itself into a pseudopodium, a gel-like ectoplasmic tube. The endoplasm then moves the cell by flowing into the pseudopodium. When all of the endoplasm flows into the pseudopodium, the extended ectoplasm, the amoeba advances itself into a new position.
The ectoplasm also is responsible for changing the direction of the pseudopodium. When the alkalinity and acidity of the water changes, the location of the pseudopodium changes. Slight changes in the alkalinity or acidity impedes movement or causes the cytoplasm to start flowing. The endoplasm is responsible for regulating the concentration of water in the cell. Since amoeba have a partial membrane, the endoplasm easily absorbs and releases excess water.Learn more about Biology
In both eukaryotes and prokaryotes, glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell. Glycolysis is the first step of cellular respiration, which has 10 steps in all.Full Answer >
An amoeba is a single-celled microorganism with a cytoplasm, nucleus, cell membrane and several other organelles that perform the functions required for it to be considered a living thing. This type of microorganism belongs to the Protista kingdom. According to the website TutorVista.com, Amoebas are found in moist or wet areas and even inside animals.Full Answer >
Paramecia regulate their water content by using contractile vacuoles, special vacuoles that collect and actively pump water out of their cytoplasm. They are especially necessary in the freshwater environments where paramecia are primarily found, as in these environments they are constantly taking in water via osmosis. They also possess special salt crystals that dissolve or solidify as needed to maintain the solute balance within the cell.Full Answer >
Anaerobic respiration takes place in the fluid portion of the cytoplasm of cells, away from the mitochondria or any other organelles. It begins with glycolysis, which breaks apart glucose and generates energy and a compound known as pyruvate, and also includes fermentation, which breaks down the pyruvate for more energy.Full Answer >