Peninsulas are land formations, while bays are bodies of water. However, the two geographic features often occur side by side. Peninsulas are areas of land that are surrounded by water on three of its four sides. Bays are bodies of water that are surrounded by land on most sides.Continue Reading
Peninsulas may be very large or very small. Very small ones may not show up on maps, while very large ones are important geographic features. For example, Florida is an example of a large peninsula. Other notable peninsulas include Italy, Baja California and the Korean Peninsula.
Some geographers use the terms "bay" and "gulf" interchangeably. While bays are usually smaller than gulfs, the Persian Gulf is much smaller than Chesapeake Bay. Usually bays form as outgrowths of an ocean or sea, and they usually have a relatively wide mouth. Gulfs, by contrast, usually have a very narrow mouth that connects to the larger ocean. The Gulf of Mexico is a good example of a typical gulf, while Hudson Bay’s large mouth provides a good example of a bay.
The world’s largest bay is the Bay of Bengal, which was formed when the Indian subcontinent crashed into Asia. The world’s largest peninsula is the Arabian Peninsula, which contains six countries.Learn more about Landforms
A river basin is the land water must cross to reach a river. A river basin collects all available water from various tributaries, creeks and streams in its area.Full Answer >
A delta is an area of land in which a river divides into smaller rivers and empties into a larger body of water. It is also possible to have a delta that empties into land, but it is uncommon.Full Answer >
A strait is a narrow waterway that connects two large bodies of water, while a channel is a wide waterway that passes between two neighboring land masses. For example, the Strait of Gibraltar connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea. The English Channel separates Southern England from Northern France.Full Answer >
Coastal plains are flat, low-lying pieces of land that feature a body of water on one side and some type of landform on the other. According to National Geographic, a coastal plain can form either as a continental shelf or when water currents carry sedimentary materials that build up over time.Full Answer >