The sun has had multiple names over the centuries, including the French word "soleil," the Latin term "sol" from the ancient Romans and "helios" from the ancient Greeks. However, after Germany coined the term "sonne," the word translated into English became "sonne" and later just "sun," according to NASA.Continue Reading
As the name for the sun evolved over time, many cultures and countries adopted various versions of the title. The term "sol" was used in Spanish and Portuguese cultures, while Italy used a slight variation on the word, calling it "sole." The "sonne" name from Germany expanded to old Goth and old Norse cultures as well.
It wasn't until about 1610 that any traces of the sun were detected in the form of sunspots. Both Thomas Harriot and Galileo Galilei noticed these sunspots. However, the sunspots later vanished for some time. By around 1860, the sun had a coronal mass ejection, the first that was known in history.
The sun is classified as a G2V star. The "V" portion of this name is due to how brightly that the sun burns off hydrogen. Six different portions of the sun exist in total, including its visible surface, the radiative zone, its chromosphere, its convective zone, its corona (last layer) and its core (the innermost layer).Learn more about Our Sun
The 12 zodiac signs most commonly used in 2015 were created by the ancient Greeks and Romans, and they still go by their Roman names. They were based on earlier astrological systems, which were created by the Babylonians.Full Answer >
The Romans and Greeks both called Prometheus by the same name. In both mythic traditions, Prometheus was the son of the Titan Iapetus, and he helped humanity by stealing fire from the gods. As punishment, he was chained to a rock, an eagle devouring his regenerated liver every day.Full Answer >
The word sun comes from the Old English word "sunne," which derives from the Proto-Germanic word "sunnon." There are many cognates in other languages such as the Dutch word "zon" and the German "sonne," but no one knows for sure how the word came to be used. It probably derives ultimately from the Latin name for the sun, "sol."Full Answer >
The sun is almost entirely composed of hydrogen and helium. Hydrogen accounts for about 75 percent of the sun's mass, with the other 25 percent being almost entirely helium. Other elements, such as oxygen and carbon, do exist in the sun, but at such low concentrations as to be insignificant.Full Answer >