The rose is believed to be approximately 35 million years old and is believed to have originated in China. The first documented garden cultivation of roses is attributed to China and is estimated to have occurred 5,000 years ago.
During the Roman periods, roses were grown in large quantities throughout the Middle East. They were used as confetti, as a perfume source and for medical purposes. Roses were also used during the 15th century to symbolize the different factions that were fighting over the control of England. A red rose was used for Lancaster, while the white rose was used for York.